Home Cloud & Networking Microsoft 365 Security Administration: MS-500 Exam Guide

Microsoft 365 Security Administration: MS-500 Exam Guide

By Peter Rising
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  1. Free Chapter
    Chapter 1: Planning for Hybrid Identity
About this book
The Microsoft 365 Security Administration (MS-500) exam is designed to measure your ability to perform technical tasks such as managing, implementing, and monitoring security and compliance solutions for Microsoft 365 environments. This book starts by showing you how to configure and administer identity and access within Microsoft 365. You will learn about hybrid identity, authentication methods, and conditional access policies with Microsoft Intune. Next, the book shows you how RBAC and Azure AD Identity Protection can be used to help you detect risks and secure information in your organization. You will also explore concepts, such as Advanced Threat Protection, Windows Defender ATP, and Threat Intelligence. As you progress, you will learn about additional tools and techniques to configure and manage Microsoft 365, including Azure Information Protection, Data Loss Prevention, and Cloud App Discovery and Security. The book also ensures you are well prepared to take the exam by giving you the opportunity to work through a mock paper, topic summaries, illustrations that briefly review key points, and real-world scenarios. By the end of this Microsoft 365 book, you will be able to apply your skills in the real world, while also being well prepared to achieve Microsoft certification.
Publication date:
June 2020
Publisher
Packt
Pages
672
ISBN
9781838983123

 

Chapter 1: Planning for Hybrid Identity

Configuring a Microsoft 365 hybrid environment requires an understanding of your organization's identity needs, which will enable you to plan and deploy the correct Azure Active Directory (AD) authentication and synchronization method within your environment. This chapter covers planning your identity methodology and describes the process of monitoring and understanding the events recorded by Azure AD Connect.

By the end of this chapter, you will be able to determine your business needs, analyze on-premises identity infrastructure, and develop a plan for hybrid identity. You will understand how to design and implement authentication and application management solutions, how to enhance data security through strong identity, and how to analyze events and configure alerts in Azure AD Connect.

In this chapter, we will cover the following topics:

  • Planning your hybrid environment
  • Synchronization methods with Azure AD Connect
  • ...
 

Planning your hybrid environment

Identity is key when planning and implementing a Microsoft 365 environment. While the default identity method within Microsoft 365 is cloud-only, most organizations will need to plan for deploying hybrid identities when introducing Microsoft 365 to their organization. So, what is hybrid identity? Well, in simple terms, it is the process of providing your users with an identity in the cloud that is based on their on-premises identity. There are several ways that this can be achieved, and the available methods will be explained in detail later in this chapter.

The basic principles of hybrid identity in Microsoft 365 are shown in the following diagram:

Figure 1.1 – Hybrid identity

Let's examine how to start planning for hybrid identity in Microsoft 365.

The first step to establishing the correct identity lies in determining the business needs of your organization. It is important, at this stage, to recognize...

 

Synchronization methods with Azure AD Connect

Now that you understand the concept of hybrid identity and authentication, we will turn our attention to the process that makes hybrid identity possible—directory synchronization. The tool used to configure directory synchronization is called Azure AD Connect (previously known as Azure AD Sync Service and DirSync). Azure AD Connect consists of three essential components, as follows:

  • Synchronization services
  • Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS)—an optional component
  • Health monitoring

Azure AD Connect supports multiple AD forests and multiple Exchange organizations to a single Microsoft 365 tenant. It leverages a one-way process, where the tool is used to synchronize users, groups, and contact objects from your on-premises active directory to Microsoft 365.

The principles of Azure AD Connect are shown in the following diagram:

Figure 1.2 – Azure AD Connect

Once...

 

Additional authentication security

The authentication security methods available in Microsoft 365 are as follows:

  • Multi-factor authentication (MFA)
  • Self-service password reset (SSPR)
  • Conditional Access

We will briefly introduce the principles of these methods; however, each of these will be described and explored in greater detail in Chapter 2, Authentication and Security, and Chapter 3, Implementing Conditional Access Policies, of this book.

Multi-factor authentication

MFA in Azure AD provides two-step verification to Microsoft services via a combination of approved authentication methods that are determined by Microsoft 365 administrators. The available methods can be based on the following:

  • Something you know, such as your password
  • Something you own, such as your mobile phone or an OAuth token
  • Something you are, such as biometric identification (fingerprint or facial recognition)

When setting up MFA for users in your Microsoft...

 

Event monitoring and troubleshooting in Azure AD Connect

So, now that you have your hybrid identity method configured, hopefully it will all run smoothly for you. However, occasionally you may encounter some problems, and this is where the ability to assess and troubleshoot Azure AD Connect with tools and from the Microsoft 365 portal can assist administrators to quickly identify and resolve issues. Administrators will be able to perform the following tasks:

  1. Review and interpret synchronization errors by accessing the Microsoft 365 admin center via https://portal.office.com and examine the Azure AD Connect directory sync status. Here, you will see an overview of any directory synchronization errors. A common example may be a duplicate proxy address or UPNs causing conflicts and preventing an object from syncing. The following screenshot shows the Azure AD Connect tile you will see in the admin center. Any issues with your synchronization will be shown here in red:

    Figure 1.16...

 

Summary

In this chapter, we discussed the steps and considerations for planning and implementing hybrid identity in Microsoft 365. You should now have an understanding of the synchronization methods available to you and how to choose the correct one for your environment, along with the principles of additional security authentication and how to understand and troubleshoot events and alerts when required.

In the next chapter, we will dive deeper into those security and authentication features within Microsoft 365, including MFA and SSPR. We will also take a look at Azure AD dynamic groups and managing access reviews.

 

Questions

  1. Which of the following is not one of the identity methods available with Azure AD?

    a. Pass-through authentication

    b. Federation

    c. MFA

    d. Password hash sync

  2. Which of the following tools could you use to assess your organization's readiness to synchronize their active directory to Azure AD?

    a. The Remote Connectivity Analyzer tool

    b. The IdFix tool

    c. The OffCAT tool

    d. Synchronization Service Manager

  3. True or false – with password hash synchronization, users will always authenticate to on-premises AD when logging onto Azure AD.

    a. True

    b. False

  4. Which of the following Microsoft 365 licenses allow users to use SSPR (choose two)?

    a. Azure AD Premium P2

    b. Intune

    c. Azure Information Protection P1

    d. Azure AD Premium P1

  5. Which of the following PowerShell commands could you use to run a full Azure AD Connect sync manually?

    a. Start-ADSyncSyncCycle -PolicyType Initial

    b. Start-ADSyncSyncCycle -PolicyType Delta

    c. Start-ADSyncSyncCycle -PolicyType Full

    d. Start-ADSyncSyncCycle...

 

References

Please refer to the following links for more information:

...
About the Author
  • Peter Rising

    Peter Rising is a Microsoft MVP in Office apps and services. He has worked for several IT solutions providers and private organizations in a variety of technical roles focusing on Microsoft technologies. Since 2014, Peter has specialized in the Microsoft 365 platform. He holds a number of Microsoft certifications, including MCSE: Productivity; MCSA: Office 365; Microsoft 365 Certified: Enterprise Administrator Expert; Microsoft 365: Security Administrator Associate; and Microsoft 365 Certified: Teams Administrator Associate. He is also the author of another PACKT book which is an MS-500 exam guide.

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Latest Reviews (5 reviews total)
Pubblicazioni interessanti scritti con il giusto livello tecnico ma soprattutto in modo chiaro.
I haven't done the exam yet, but the contents are easy to understand.
I only bought the electronic format of the guide. Easy and quick process to obtain the guide.