vSphere High Performance Cookbook

A cookbook is the ideal way to learn a tool as complex as vSphere. Through experiencing the real-world recipes in this tutorial you’ll gain deep insight into vSphere’s unique attributes and reach a high level of proficiency.

vSphere High Performance Cookbook

Cookbook
Prasenjit Sarkar

A cookbook is the ideal way to learn a tool as complex as vSphere. Through experiencing the real-world recipes in this tutorial you’ll gain deep insight into vSphere’s unique attributes and reach a high level of proficiency.
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Book Details

ISBN 139781782170006
Paperback240 pages

About This Book

  • Troubleshoot real-world vSphere performance issues and identify their root causes
  • Design and configure CPU, memory, networking, and storage for better and more reliable performance
  • Comprehensive coverage of performance issues and solutions including vCenter Server design and virtual machine and application tuning

Who This Book Is For

The book is primarily written for technical professionals with system administration skills and some VMware experience who wish to learn about advanced optimization and the configuration features and functions for vSphere 5.1.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: CPU Performance Design
Introduction
Critical performance consideration – VMM scheduler
CPU scheduler – processor topology/cache aware
Ready time – warning sign
Hyperthreaded core sharing
Spotting CPU overcommitment
Fighting guest CPU saturation in SMP VMs
Controlling CPU resources using resource settings
What is most important to monitor in CPU performance
CPU performance best practices
Chapter 2: Memory Performance Design
Introduction
Virtual memory reclamation techniques
Monitoring host-swapping activity
Monitoring host-ballooning activity
Keeping memory free for VMkernel
Key memory performance metrics to monitor
What metrics not to use
Identifying when memory is the problem
Analyzing host and VM memory
Memory performance best practices
Chapter 3: Networking Performance Design
Introduction
Designing a network for load balancing and failover for vSphere Standard Switch
Designing a network for load balancing and failover for vSphere Distributed Switch
What to know when offloading checksum
Selecting the correct virtual network adapter
Improving performance through VMDirectPath I/O
Improving performance through NetQueue
Improving network performance using the SplitRx mode for multicast traffic
Designing a multi-NIC vMotion
Improving network performance using network I/O control
Monitoring network capacity and performance matrix
Chapter 4: DRS, SDRS, and Resource Control Design
Introduction
Using DRS algorithm guidelines
Using resource pool guidelines
Avoiding using resource pool as folder structure
Choosing the best SIOC latency threshold
Using storage capability and profile driven storage
Anti-affinity rules in the SDRS cluster
Avoiding the use of SDRS I/O Metric and array-based automatic tiering together
Using VMware SIOC and array-based automatic tiering together
Chapter 5: vSphere Cluster Design
Introduction
Trade-off factors while designing scale up and scale out clusters
Using VM Monitoring
vSphere Fault Tolerance design and its impact
DPM and its impact
Choosing the reserved cluster failover capacity
Rightly choosing the vSphere HA cluster size
Chapter 6: Storage Performance Design
Introduction
Designing the host for a highly available and high-performing storage
Designing a highly available and high-performance iSCSI SAN
Designing a highly available and high-performing FC storage
Performance impact of queuing on the storage array and host
Factors that affect storage performance
Using VAAI to boost storage performance
Selecting the right VM disk type
Monitoring command queuing
Identifying a severely overloaded storage
Chapter 7: Designing vCenter and vCenter Database for Best Performance
Introduction
vCenter Single Sign-On and its database preparation
vCenter Single Sign-On and its deployment
Things to bear in mind while designing the vCenter platform
Designing vCenter Server for redundancy
Designing a highly available vCenter database
vCenter database size and location affects performance
Considering vCenter Server Certificates to minimize security threats
Designing vCenter Server for Auto Deploy
Chapter 8: Virtual Machine and Application Performance Design
Introduction
Setting the right time in Guest OS
vNUMA (Virtual NUMA) considerations
Choosing the SCSI controller for storage
Impact of VM swap file placement
Using large pages in virtual machines
Guest OS networking considerations
When you should or should not virtualize an application
Measuring the application's performance

What You Will Learn

  • Understand VMM Scheduler, Cache aware CPU Scheduler, NUMA Aware CPU Scheduler, and so on during CPU Performance Design
  • Learn about the virtual memory reclamation technique, monitoring host ballooning, and swapping activity
  • Get to grips with different vSwitch load balancing, considerations for checksum offloading, VMDirectPath I/O, and so on
  • Understand DRS algorithms, resource pool guidelines, SIOC threshold consideration, SDRS and its affinity/anti-affinity rules in DRS, SDRS, and resource control design
  • Scale up and scale out cluster design for performance, FT and its caveats, application monitoring, DPM, host affinity/anti-affinity rules
  • Design your vSphere storage based on various workloads and FC storage for best performance
  • Choose the right platform while designing your vCenter Server, redundant vCenter design, vCenter SSO and its deployment

In Detail

VMware vSphere is the key virtualization technology in today’s market. vSphere is a complex tool and incorrect design and deployment can create performance-related problems. vSphere High Performance Cookbook is focused on solving those problems as well as providing best practices and performance-enhancing techniques.

vSphere High Performance Cookbook offers a comprehensive understanding of the different components of vSphere and the interaction of these components with the physical layer which includes the CPU, memory, network, and storage. If you want to improve or troubleshoot vSphere performance then this book is for you!

vSphere High Performance Cookbook will teach you how to tune and grow a VMware vSphere 5 infrastructure. This book focuses on tuning, optimizing, and scaling the infrastructure using the vSphere Client graphical user interface. This book will enable the reader with the knowledge, skills, and abilities to build and run a high-performing VMware vSphere virtual infrastructure.

You will learn how to configure and manage ESXi CPU, memory, networking, and storage for sophisticated, enterprise-scale environments. You will also learn how to manage changes to the vSphere environment and optimize the performance of all vSphere components.

This book also focuses on high value and often overlooked performance-related topics such as NUMA Aware CPU Scheduler, VMM Scheduler, Core Sharing, the Virtual Memory Reclamation technique, Checksum offloading, VM DirectPath I/O, queuing on storage array, command queuing, vCenter Server design, and virtual machine and application tuning.

By the end of this book you will be able to identify, diagnose, and troubleshoot operational faults and critical performance issues in vSphere.

Authors

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: CPU Performance Design
Introduction
Critical performance consideration – VMM scheduler
CPU scheduler – processor topology/cache aware
Ready time – warning sign
Hyperthreaded core sharing
Spotting CPU overcommitment
Fighting guest CPU saturation in SMP VMs
Controlling CPU resources using resource settings
What is most important to monitor in CPU performance
CPU performance best practices
Chapter 2: Memory Performance Design
Introduction
Virtual memory reclamation techniques
Monitoring host-swapping activity
Monitoring host-ballooning activity
Keeping memory free for VMkernel
Key memory performance metrics to monitor
What metrics not to use
Identifying when memory is the problem
Analyzing host and VM memory
Memory performance best practices
Chapter 3: Networking Performance Design
Introduction
Designing a network for load balancing and failover for vSphere Standard Switch
Designing a network for load balancing and failover for vSphere Distributed Switch
What to know when offloading checksum
Selecting the correct virtual network adapter
Improving performance through VMDirectPath I/O
Improving performance through NetQueue
Improving network performance using the SplitRx mode for multicast traffic
Designing a multi-NIC vMotion
Improving network performance using network I/O control
Monitoring network capacity and performance matrix
Chapter 4: DRS, SDRS, and Resource Control Design
Introduction
Using DRS algorithm guidelines
Using resource pool guidelines
Avoiding using resource pool as folder structure
Choosing the best SIOC latency threshold
Using storage capability and profile driven storage
Anti-affinity rules in the SDRS cluster
Avoiding the use of SDRS I/O Metric and array-based automatic tiering together
Using VMware SIOC and array-based automatic tiering together
Chapter 5: vSphere Cluster Design
Introduction
Trade-off factors while designing scale up and scale out clusters
Using VM Monitoring
vSphere Fault Tolerance design and its impact
DPM and its impact
Choosing the reserved cluster failover capacity
Rightly choosing the vSphere HA cluster size
Chapter 6: Storage Performance Design
Introduction
Designing the host for a highly available and high-performing storage
Designing a highly available and high-performance iSCSI SAN
Designing a highly available and high-performing FC storage
Performance impact of queuing on the storage array and host
Factors that affect storage performance
Using VAAI to boost storage performance
Selecting the right VM disk type
Monitoring command queuing
Identifying a severely overloaded storage
Chapter 7: Designing vCenter and vCenter Database for Best Performance
Introduction
vCenter Single Sign-On and its database preparation
vCenter Single Sign-On and its deployment
Things to bear in mind while designing the vCenter platform
Designing vCenter Server for redundancy
Designing a highly available vCenter database
vCenter database size and location affects performance
Considering vCenter Server Certificates to minimize security threats
Designing vCenter Server for Auto Deploy
Chapter 8: Virtual Machine and Application Performance Design
Introduction
Setting the right time in Guest OS
vNUMA (Virtual NUMA) considerations
Choosing the SCSI controller for storage
Impact of VM swap file placement
Using large pages in virtual machines
Guest OS networking considerations
When you should or should not virtualize an application
Measuring the application's performance

Book Details

ISBN 139781782170006
Paperback240 pages
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