Installing and Configuring Windows 10: 70-698 Exam Guide

By Bekim Dauti
    Advance your knowledge in tech with a Packt subscription

  • Instant online access to over 7,500+ books and videos
  • Constantly updated with 100+ new titles each month
  • Breadth and depth in over 1,000+ technologies
  1. Preparing for Installation

About this book

The Installing and Configuring Windows 10: 70-698 Exam Guide is designed to confirm what you already know, while also updating your knowledge of Windows 10. With its easy-to-follow guidance, you will quickly learn the user interface and discover steps to work efficiently in Windows 10 to rule out delays and obstacles.

This book begins by covering various ways of installing Windows 10, followed by instructions on post-installation tasks. You will learn about the deployment of Windows 10 in Enterprise and also see how to configure networking in Windows 10. You’ll understand how to leverage Disk Management and Windows PowerShell to configure disks, volumes, and file system options. As you progress through the chapters, you will be able to set up remote management in Windows 10 and learn more about Windows update usage, behavior, and settings. You will also gain insights that will help you monitor and manage data recovery and explore how to configure authentication, authorization, and advanced management tools in Windows 10.

By the end of this book, you will be equipped with enough knowledge to take the 70-698 exam and explore different study methods to improve your chances of passing the exam with ease.

Publication date:
January 2019
Publisher
Packt
Pages
490
ISBN
9781788990868

 

Chapter 1. Preparing for Installation

Welcome to Windows 10! This chapter is designed to provide you with an introduction to Windows 10. As you might know, Windows 10 is the newest operating system for PCs developed by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family. As such, it is necessary for your computer to meet the minimum system requirements to install Windows 10.Therefore, this chapter will explain the system's minimum requirements as well as the recommended ones. Also, you will get familiar with installation options, such as upgrade and clean install.Then, you will be able to get to know the Windows 10 editions and their unique features. Definitions such as clients, servers, hosts, and nodes are also covered in this chapter. Last but not least, after getting acquainted with the installation media concept, you will have the option to download Windows 10 and create installation media, depending on the format your computer supports.

In this chapter, we will cover the following topics:

  • Understanding hardware requirements
  • Understanding clean install
  • Understanding upgrade
  • Understanding Windows 10 editions
  • Understanding Windows 10 features
  • Understanding installation media
  • Understanding client, server, host, and node
  • Chapter lab—downloading Windows 10
 

Technical requirements


In order to complete the labs for this chapter, you will need one of the following pieces of equipment:

  • PC with Windows 10 Pro, at least 4 GB of RAM, 500 GB of HDD, and access to the internet
 

Determining hardware requirements


Windows 10 (codenamed Threshold) was released on July 29, 2015. Windows 10 represents another of Microsoft's Windows NT family operating system (OS) that merges Windows 7 and Windows 8/8.1 into a single OS. Windows 10 provides support for two physical processors, 32-bit and 64-bit, and ARM architecture. According to Microsoft, Windows 10 is the last OS released for personal computers (PCs). That said, Windows 10 new releases are offered through the Windows as a Service format. For the first anniversary in July 2016, Microsoft released Windows 10 Anniversary Update (codenamed Redstone 1), introducing a number of new features and enhancements. And so the practice of releasing new Windows 10 versions continues to be present even today. Recently, Microsoft has released the Windows 10 October 2018 Update (version 1809), which is included in this book.

As far as the minimum system requirements are concerned, Windows 10 can be installed on a PC with the following technical specifications:

  • Processor: 1 GHz or faster processor
  • RAM: 1 GB for 32-bit or 2 GB for 64-bit
  • HDD: 16 GB for 32-bit OS 20 GB for 64-bit OS
  • Graphics card: DirectX 9 or later with WDDM 1.0 driver
  • Monitor: SVGA (800x600)

However, be aware that those are just bare minimum specifications, meaning that your computer will only be able to run the most basic tasks. Hence, if you want to avoid slow performance on your computer, then you'd better stick to the following recommended system requirements:

  • Processor: 2 GHz or faster processor
  • RAM: 4 GB for 32-bit or 8 GB for 64-bit
  • HDD: 1 TB
  • Graphics card: Microsoft DirectX 9 with WDDM driver
  • Monitor: XGA (1024x768) and above
  • Other hardware: Has support for optical disk drives such as DVDs and support for SSDs with USB, keyboard, and mouse
  • Internet connection: Cable or DSL connection
 

Choosing between an upgrade and a clean install


As the name indicates, whether you are installing Windows 10 on a new hard disk or on an existing disk, the clean install (see Figure 1.1) formats the new disk so it can install the new OS, or reformats the existing disk by erasing the existing OS, users' data, and apps to install the new OS. To summarize, a clean install (re)builds the OS and its utilities entirely from scratch, thus overwriting all the previous content on a disk:

Figure 1.1 Clean install option from Windows 10 setup

Unlike clean install, upgrade (as in Figure 1.2) replaces your existing OS with a new one. That means that you retain your files and settings. It is often called an in-place upgrade because it takes place on a machine with an already installed OS. Prior to running an upgrade, it is recommended that you make a backup of Windows system states, files, and folders:

Figure 1.2 Upgrade option from Windows 10 setup

Considerations for choosing between upgrade and clean install

In the previous section, you learned about the difference between an in-place upgrade and a clean install. The following lists the pros and cons of both upgrade and clean install.

In-place upgrade – pro and cons

One of the most common methods to move from an old version of Windows to the newest version of Windows and be able to keep all of your files and apps is by doing an in-place upgrade. In addition, an in-place upgrade is suitable for less-experienced users. Here are the pros and cons of an upgrade:

  • Pros:
    • No bootable media is required
    • Keep all of your files, settings, and apps
    • Roll back to previous versions of Windows
  • Cons:
    • Apps and drivers may not work correctly
    • May not perform as expected
    • May contain bloatware from a previous Windows version

Clean install – pro and cons

If you have purchased a new computer with no preloaded OS on it, or a new computer with an old OS on it, then definitely you can opt for clean install if you do not want an in-place upgrade. In addition, a clean install is suitable for experienced users. Here are the pros and cons of a clean install:

  • Pros:
    • It is a fresh Windows 10 installation
    • Enables you to configure disk partitioning
    • Enables you to change editions by providing a product key
  • Cons:
    • Requires bootable media
    • Requires formatting the partition of a disk or the entire disk
    • May take time to install apps and migrate files
 

Determining appropriate editions according to device type


Never in the history of Windows OS has a single version had more editions than Windows 10. There are altogether 12 editions of Windows 10, each with unique features: 

  • Windows 10 Home: Designed to be used by home users.
  • Windows 10 Pro: Designed to be used by business users.
  • Windows 10 Enterprise: A full-featured edition designed to be used by business users in an enterprise environment. It is distributed through Volume Licensing.
  • Windows 10 Education: Another full-featured edition designed to be used in education. It is distributed through Academic Volume Licensing.
  • Windows 10 Pro Education: A special edition designed to be used by schools. It is distributed through a discounted K-12Academic License.
  • Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB: Stands for Windows 10 Enterprise Long Term Servicing Branchand receives standard monthly security and reliability updates for an extended 10-year support period.
  • Windows 10 Mobile Enterprise: A full-featured edition that is optimized for mobile devices in an enterprise environment.
  • Windows 10 Mobile: Designed for smartphones and tablets. This edition has replaced Windows Phone 8.1.
  • Windows 10 IoT: Stands for Windows 10 Internet of Things and is primarily designed to replace Windows Embedded.
  • Windows 10 in S mode: Designed to only run apps from the Microsoft Store.
  • Windows 10 Team: Designed as a device-specific version. It is loaded onto the Surface Hub (an interactive whiteboard designed by Microsoft).
  • Windows 10 Pro for Workstations: Designed for high-end hardware for intensive computing tasks.

Note

Since the release of the Windows 10 April 2018 Update, Microsoft is working on the Windows 10 Lean edition for end devices with limited storage.

How to determine which Windows 10 version your PC is running?

To find out which version of Windows 10 is running on your PC, do the following:

  1. Click the search icon in the taskbar.
  2. Enter about as a keyword, and selectAbout your PCfrom the search results, as shown in Figure 1.3:

Figure 1.3 Finding out information about Windows 10 using the About your PC option

  1. Under Windows specifications on the About page of Windows Settings, you will find information about the Windows 10 edition, version, when it was installed, and the OS build.

Another way to find out which version of Windows 10 your PC is running, is as follows:

  1. Press the Windows logo key +R.
  2. Enterwinver and then selectOK, as shown in Figure 1.4:

Figure 1.4 Finding out information about of Windows 10 using the winver command

  1. From the About Windows dialog box, you will find information about the Windows 10 version, the OS build, edition, and to whom the product is licensed.
 

Determining requirements for particular features


As you may have noticed in the Determining appropriate editions according to device type section earlier in this chapter, the Enterprise and Education editions are the only full-featured editions of Windows 10. That means that not all features work or are available in each edition of Windows 10. So, depending on the edition, at your disposal are some of the unique Windows 10 features, such as Cortana, Windows Hello, Continuum, Secure Boot, BitLocker/BitLocker To Go, Client Hyper-V, Skype, and other features.

Note

You can learn more about Windows 10 specifications and systems requirements at https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/windows-10-specifications#additional-requirements.

 

Determining and creating appropriate installation media


An installation media is a medium that contains the operating system files. Whether you are making a clean install or an upgrade to Windows 10, you will definitely need an installation media. You can have a fabricated installation media that you have probably purchased from Microsoft or its channel partners, or you can create one. Before you go on and purchase a fabricated installation media or create one on your own, it is recommended to assess what format of an installation media your device supports. Nowadays, while most end devices are equipped with USB ports (including micro USB ports), not all devices have a DVD drive. Therefore, it is your device that determines the format of an installation media. With that in mind, when opting for a fabricated installation media, in most cases you will end up receiving a DVD disk. Whereas, if you decide to create one on your own then you need a Windows 10 ISO file and a DVD disk or USB flash drive. Due to the size of the Windows 10 ISO file, it is recommended that the capacity of the DVD disk and USB flash drive be at least 8 GB. To learn how to download the Windows 10 ISO file and how to burn an ISO file to a DVD disk or create a bootable USB flash drive on your own, see the Chapter lab – downloading Windows 10 section later in this chapter.

Note

To create a bootable USB flash drive on your own, download the Windows USB/DVD Download Tool from https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=56485.

 

What are clients, servers, hosts, and nodes?


When talking about clients, servers, hosts, and nodes, we are actually talking about computer network components.At first glance, it may seem like, more or less, we are talking about the same component, but in fact each component is unique in itself. Hence,to understand these components correctly, the following sections will explain clients, servers, hosts, and nodes.

Understanding clients and servers

As you may know, the network world recognizes two architectures: peer-to-peer (P2P) and client/server architecture. While a P2P network architecture consists of hosts that, depending on network activity, switch roles from client to server and vice versa, in a client/server architecture, hosts have predefined roles where some are clients and some are servers. Clients are the hosts who make requests for network services, whereas the servers are hosts that provide network services. Both clients and servers play an active role in computer networks. In Figure 1.5, the server with a shared printer acts as a print server, and as such it provides print services to the clients in a network. Whereas, the PC, laptop, and smartphone represent the clients that request services:

Figure 1.5 Client/server network architecture

Note

The origin of the word server originates from the word serve. If you search for the word serve in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, among the results you will find is the one that says: to provide services that benefit or help. Thus, a server in a computer network means a computer that provides services to the clients. From that, the server serves the clients.

Understanding hosts and nodes

When talking about hosts and nodes, although their first impression might drive us towards thinking that they are the same thing, in fact, they are not! The difference between hosts and nodes is that while all hosts can be nodes, not every node can act as a host. That way, to every host an IP address is assigned. So, a host is any device with an IP address that requests or provides networking resources to any other host or node on the network. However, there are devices such as hubs, bridges, switches, modems, and access points that have no IP address assigned, but are still used for communication. That said, a node is any device that can generate, receive, and transmit the networking resources on a computer network, and as such it has no communication interface with an IP address. Based on that, in Figure 1.5, the server, smartphone, PC, and laptop are acting as hosts in a network, while the switch and access point (AP) act as nodes.

 

Chapter lab – downloading Windows 10


In this chapter lab, you will learn how to download Windows 10 from the following:

  • Microsoft Evaluation Center
  • Through the Windows 10 media creation tool

Downloading Windows 10 from Microsoft Evaluation Center

The steps to download Windows 10 Enterprise (90-day free evaluation) and burn the ISO file to a DVD are fairly simple. To do so, perform the following steps:

  1. Open your browser and enter https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/evalcenter/ in the address bar.
  2. In the upper-right corner, locate the search icon and enter Windows 10 Enterprise,  and then press Enter.
  1. From the list of results, selectWindows 10 Enterprise.
  2. After selecting the evaluation file type, click the Continue button.
  3. After you have completed the form, click the Continue button.
  4. Select the platform and language, and then click the Download button.
  5. Specify the location on you computer or on a network share when prompted to save the Windows 10 Enterprise file (see Figure 1.6):

Figure 1.6 Downloading Windows 10 Enterprise from Microsoft Evaluation Center

Once your Windows 10 Enterprise download completes, you can then burn the ISO file to a DVD or create a bootable USB flash drive. Remember, Windows 10 Enterprise is valid only for 90 days from the day that you install it. Afterward, if you want to continue to use it then you should purchase a license. 

 

Note

To find out how to mount and burn ISO files in Windows 10 and previous versions of Windows, navigate to https://www.laptopmag.com/articles/mount-burn-iso-files-windows.

Downloading Windows 10 through the media creation tool

To download Windows 10 and make a bootable USB flash drive, do the following:

  1. Open your browser and enter https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windows10 in the address bar.
  2. In the Create Windows 10 installation mediasection, click on Download tool now.
  3. Specify the location on you computer or on a network share when prompted to save the media creation tool (see Figure 1.7):

Figure 1.7 Downloading the media creation tool for Windows 10

  1. Once the download completes, click on Run.
  2. Shortly, the Windows 10 Setup window will display the Applicable notices and license terms view. Click on Accept.
  3. In the What do you want to do? view, select Create Installation media (USB flash drive, DVD, or ISO file) for another PC and click on Next.
  4. The next view enables you to Select language, architecture, and edition, and then click on Next.
  5. In the Choose which media to use view, select USB flash drive and click Next.
  6. Select a USB flash drive and click Next.
  7. The next view shows that Downloading Windows 10 has started.
  8. Once Windows 10 is downloaded, the next view indicates that the Windows 10 setup is Creating Windows 10 media.
  9. Finally, click Finish when you notice the Your USB flash drive is ready view (see Figure 1.8):

Figure 1.8 Windows 10 setup indicating that a bootable USB flash drive is ready

 

Summary


We can summarize the chapter with the following points:

  • Windows 10 represents another Microsoft's Windows NT family operating system (OS) that merges Windows 7 and Windows 8/8.1 into a single OS
  • Windows 10 new releases are offered through Windows as a service format
  • Clean install (re)builds the OS and its utilities entirely from scratch, thus overwriting all the previous content on a disk
  • An upgrade replaces your existing OS with a new one
  • There are altogether 12 editions of Windows 10, each with unique features
  • The Enterprise and Education editions are the only full-featured editions of Windows 10
  • An installation media is a medium that contains the operating system files
  • Clients are computers that request the resources in a computer network
  • Servers are a network component that provides resources to clients
  • A host is any device with an IP address that requests or provides networking resources to any other host or node on the network
  • A node is any device that can generate, receive, and transmit the networking resources on the computer network and as such it has no communication interface with an IP address
 

Questions


  1. Windows 10 new releases are offered through Windows as a Service format.
    1. True
    2. False
  2. There are altogether ____________________ of Windows 10, each with unique features.
  3. Which of the following are full-featured editions of Windows 10? (Choose two):
    1. Windows 10 Home
    2. Windows 10 Pro
    3. Windows 10 Enterprise
    4. Windows 10 Education
  4. An installation media is a medium that contains the MS Office files.
    1. True
    2. False
  1. _____________________ replaces your existing OS with a new one.
  2. Which of the following are pros and cons of a clean install?
    1. Enables you to configure disk partitioning
    2. Enables you to change editions by providing product key
    3. May take time to install apps and migrate files
    4. All of the above
  3. Clients are computers that request the resources in a computer network.
    1. True
    2. False
  4. _____________________ is any device that can generate, receive, and transmit the networking resources on the computer network, and as such it has no communication interface with an IP address.
  5. Which of the following are pros and cons of an upgrade?
    1. Rolling back to the previous version of Windows
    2. Apps and drivers may not work correctly
    3. May contain bloatware from a previous Windows version
    4. All of the above
  6. Discuss the minimum system requirements versus the recommended system requirements.
 

About the Author

  • Bekim Dauti

    Bekim Dauti's profession is the administration of computers and networks, as well as training in Cisco and Microsoft.

    He has a bachelor's degree from the University of Tirana and a master's degree from UMUC Europe, both in IT. Additionally, he has more than 15 years' experience as a Cisco Certified Academy Instructor and more than 10 years' experience as a Microsoft Certified Trainer. Bekim holds several certifications from vendors such as ECDL, Certiport, CompTIA, Cisco, Microsoft, and Sun Microsystems. Bekim has contributed to more than 15 books and dozens of articles for PC World Albanian and CIO Albania. He founded Dautti LLC.

    These days, he blogs on Bekim Dauti's Blog. He works as a system administrator at Kosovo Telecom JSC.

    Browse publications by this author
Installing and Configuring Windows 10: 70-698 Exam Guide
Unlock this book and the full library for $5 a month*
Start now