Design a Clever Tech Logo with Inkscape
Logo design is one of the most common tasks for graphic designers, so this will be the first in our chain of projects. In this chapter, we will create a logo for a tech company. We will start with designing the logo. Then, in the following chapters, we will look at icon design and illustrations and banner image design, and then combine all these into a website design. During this project, you will learn about how to use paths, color, and text effectively in Inkscape to create a fresh logo!
In this chapter, we are going to cover these main topics:
- Using Inkscape for logo design
- Starting the logo design process with the usual first steps
- Implementing shape and color in logo design in Inkscape
- Adding text to your logo and modifying letters for more personality
- Creating logo mutations in various formats for different usages
You can download the supporting files for this chapter from GitHub at https://github.com/PacktPublishing/Inkscape-by-Example/tree/main/Chapter02
Using Inkscape for logo design
As logo design is an important job for anyone working in the creative field, it is only natural to expect Inkscape to be up to the task as well. But what are the criteria of software that you can use to create awesome logos? Let me answer that question from another angle: what makes a good logo?
First of all, a good logo has to be versatile. Technically, this means it has to be vector-based. Vector files are scalable, editable, and portable. They allow us to transform the final logo into any color or size to use it on (almost) any surface. A vector file can be exported into the most common standard image file formats. (You will learn more about formats at the end of this chapter and even more in Chapter 7, Combine Inkscape and Other (Free) Programs in the Design Workflow)
Second, a good logo is simple. Most people think it takes no effort to create a simple design. But to create a simple but creative logo, you need to work a lot. Simple means easy to remember and redraw with a few elements, but this simplicity must be achieved first.
Being a vector graphical program, Inkscape has all the tools you can use to create a versatile logo. It can export to different formats, as well as take full advantage of vector shape and color editing.
Starting the logo design process with the usual first steps
You should start designing a logo with Inkscape the same way you would start using any other graphical program. And all the designers agree that the process does not start with opening that program itself! You have some work to do before drawing anything.
We usually start every design process with the same three steps: gather information, think, and sketch.
Reading the brief and doing your homework
The very first step is learning more about what you have to design. In this case, we have it easy since I will provide the information needed.
In this chapter, our task will be to create a logo for a very successful – yet fictional – company called CloudUsers. They are a small company offering cloud-based data solutions to its clients. They offer services such as hosting, data recovery, migration, virtual machines, database services, and so on. Their main values are safety, stability, and speed; this is what you have to emphasize in the visuals.
Reading the brief covers only part of the story – you usually need to do research and learn more about the company, the market, and the competitors. In this case, if you did a bit of research, and looked at the logos of other companies with similar profiles, you would see that a simplified cloud is a common symbol for cloud-based companies. Although the servers are not literally in the clouds, this is an easily recognizable image.
Thinking and sketching
As the common cumulus cloud became an emblem for cloud computing and related services, we should include it in our logo design.
But what else is needed? What would make this logo blend into the tech field, yet stand out from the crowd? This is where the initial sketches come in.
Sketching with a pencil on paper helps you decide what you need to draw. It is the method of grabbing the ideas swirling in your head and putting them down on the paper in front of you. In my opinion, as a designer, sketches are for getting your ideas straight, and they do not need to be final by any means.
A cloud with rain or the Sun is a suitable icon for a weather app, but an IT company needs to have tech elements too. And as the company name suggests, this logo needs to have users or people in it:
Tips about sketching
During the sketching period, I usually write out the name of the company several times, to look for typographical opportunities to add an extra layer of meaning through the shape of the letters. I also draw elements from the name and the profession of the company. Remember: sketching is not an art form. It is about drawing a ton of bad drawings and looking for visual solutions to your design problem!
Figure 2.1 – A few of my initial sketches for the CloudUsers logo
Importing your sketch into Inkscape
As I mentioned previously, sketches are never meant to be finished designs for me. This means I am glancing at my sketches most of the time while working in Inkscape, but I am not using them strictly as a base to trace over.
Other designers use their sketches differently and like to work out their ideas fully on paper first, and later follow these sketches precisely in the digital design app they use. It is all a matter of preference. But even if you only use your sketches as rough references, it is a good idea to import them into Inkscape. That way, it will be easier to find the final form that matches your ideas.
Scan your sketches or take a picture of them when you plan not to follow them precisely. Since this project was created as a step-by-step tutorial, you will learn by following my logo design in Inkscape, so you do not need to import sketches at this point. If you want to use my sketches, you can download them from here: https://istvanszep.com/inkscapeexample/logo-sketches.jpg.
Click on File | Import or press Ctrl + I and import the picture into Inkscape. Because the bitmap image will not be used in the final form of the design (that is, it will be a vector logo, not a photomanipulation), choose the Link option under Image Import Type from the import popup window.
Linking your image instead of embedding it will keep your file size from bloating performance issues. Again, since you do not want to include the photo in the final design, high image quality is not a must. So, just leave the other import settings as-is:
Figure 2.2 – Linking your sketches while importing them
This concludes the very first steps of the logo design process. With or without Inkscape, you always need to work out what you need to design. Before starting up the program, always think and sketch! Then, import your sketch into Inkscape and get ready to take the next step!
Designing your logo in Inkscape
Shape, color, and text are the absolute keys to logo design. In this section, you will learn a bit about the theory behind them, but we will focus on how to implement them in Inkscape! First, you will build the shape of your logo, then apply colors to your design. Finally, you will add text to finish the logo! Apart from these key steps, you will also learn a very efficient method for decision-making in Inkscape!
Step 1 – turning the sketch into a vector
Now that we have some ideas in the form of sketches, it is time to turn them into proper vector shapes. The cleaner the shapes of a logo, the better it will be. This creates simplicity and helps people understand the image. Clean shapes are also based on geometry. The simplest way to achieve pleasing geometrical proportions is to recognize the basic building block of your logo and use that in Inkscape to design it.
I picked the most creative from the sketches – the one built up from simple user icons while still resembling a cloud. Now, we have to recreate the winning sketch in Inkscape.
Take a look at our sketch and deconstruct it. It was purposefully built up from the basic shape of those well-known user icons we see everywhere. That user shape can be rebuilt using simple rounded rectangles and circles. You will have to create this shape first:
- Draw a tall rectangle and use the small circle handles at the corner to round it. Feel free to use any color at this stage; we will apply colors and gradients to the logo later on. If you want to draw over the sketch to check the proportions, set the object’s opacity to 50% for transparency. Otherwise, just keep it at 100% and draw your shapes next to the sketch:
Figure 2.3 – The winning sketch and the basic shape of the logo design
- Draw another rectangle over the first one horizontally. Select both of them and choose Path | Difference by pressing Ctrl + - to cut the bottom of our first rounded rectangle off. This way, you will create the body of our user figure.
- Now, use the Circle tool and draw a head over this torso while holding Ctrl to create a perfect circle. In this design, keep the proportions shown in Figure 2.4.
- Set the size of the head to half of the width of the torso. Then, use the Path editor tool and adjust the height of the body to be 3.5 times the size of the circle. From now on, for this logo, we will use the size of the circle as one head unit, to keep the measurements and proportions right.
When editing the body shape, only move the two bottom nodes up or down with the Path editor tool. Do not use the Transform tool, as this will stretch it and change the proportion of the whole shape. This is an important tip to remember when you create a design based on different variations of the same object.
- Press Shift + Ctrl + A to open the Align and Distribute window. Select both the head and the body, and center them on the vertical axis by clicking on the corresponding icon in the Align and Distribute dialog window. The tooltip of the icon says Center on vertical axis. Set the distance between the head and the body to be about a third of the diameter of the head circle. With that, you have finished creating the first user shape for your logo design:
Figure 2.4 – Proportions of the two elements in the user shape
Now, create the second user shape. According to our sketch, this has to be shorter than the other so that it can build up the cloud shape illusion. Plus, it will look like a sitting figure compared to the taller one:
- Select both the body and head of the first figure and group them by pressing Ctrl + G. Now, duplicate them by pressing Ctrl + D and put them next to the first one.
- Set the distance between the two users to half of the distance between the head and the torso. If the body height of the taller figure was 3.5 head units, set the body height of this one to 2.5 head units using the Path editor tool!
- Select the two users and put them on the same baseline via the Align bottom edges icon in the Align and Distribute dialog. Notice how the measurements are lining up: the shorter figure reaches the chin of the higher one. That is the point of creating geometry and structure!
Remember, using the same measurements and shapes again and again will create harmony in all your logo designs. Plus, it is very effective, since you only have to figure out the rules and distances once in each project; you don’t have to measure and create them from scratch over and over every time you add a new shape to it!
Figure 2.5 – The two users next to each other at this stage
Now that the user part of our logo is laid down, it’s time to focus on the cloud side. As I mentioned previously, your logo design is based around the same half-rounded rectangle shapes. You only need three more shapes to finish this simple logo design:
- Duplicate the taller user shape and pull this duplicate to the left.
- Set the distance between this and the original to the same as the distance you used before. This way, the user part and the cloud part will be a bit separated.
- The two parts of the duplicated user – the body and the circle – are grouped now, so ungroup them by right-clicking on this group and selecting Ungroup, or pressing Shift + Ctrl + G.
- Now, delete the circle here since you do not need that to create the cloud shape. What you need to do is make this remaining shape taller, to signal the peak of the cloud. Using the Path tool, select the top nodes of this shape and lift them until the height of the shape is 5.5 times the height of the head unit. This height difference between the cloud and user elements will create a geometric triangle shape with harmonic proportions.
- To create the second cloud shape, just duplicate the one you just made, and pull the duplicate to the left. You want to keep the users separated and recognizable as independent human forms but want to show the cloud parts as one piece. The reason is the same: you need the cloud to be one visual mass and recognizable as a cloud. So, this time, do not set the duplicated shape apart from the other shape! Let them overlap halfway, with the edge of the original cloud shape running at the center line of the duplicate.
- Now, using the Path editor tool again, grab the top nodes of the new shape and set the height of it to four head units. Check Figure 2.6 for how it all should look now:
Figure 2.6 – The cloud part of the logo is overlapping; the users stand separate
- Adding the last part of the cloud is tricky, but you will use the same building blocks you just used earlier. Duplicate the last shape you created and rotate it 90° counterclockwise so that it is laying on its side. The easiest way to do this is to hold the Ctrl key while rotating it.
- Select this last shape and the first cloud shape and use the Align and Distribute dialog to align the edges at the bottom and on the right-hand side. If you did everything correctly, you will have an almost rounded cloud shape ready! Well, almost, because the cloud illusion is not there yet:
Figure 2.7 – All the parts are ready, but the cloud illusion is not there yet
The piece that is breaking the illusion of the cloud is the user shape on the right edge. It has a straight and edgy bottom-right corner, not a rounded one like the cloud has on the left-hand side. By applying a curve here, you will fix the cloud illusion! Since the cloud curve on the left is the same shape as all the other ones in your logo, you can use that to shape your curve perfectly.
- Double-click the user shape on the right to go into the group.
- Now, select and duplicate the torso part of it and rotate it 90° clockwise (hold Ctrl for a perfectly horizontal result).
Selecting the original and the duplicated shapes aligns their bottom edges and their right-hand sides via the Align and Distribute dialog! The reason you had to do this was to use this shape as a blueprint to shape that straight edge into a perfect curve.
- From the View menu, from the Display modes, select Outline or Outline overlay.
- Select the original shape – the one with the corner – and add new nodes with the Path editor. Simply look where the path of your blueprint object starts, and double-click on the original path at the same two places:
Figure 2.8 – Curving the corner of this shape in Outline Overlay display mode
To measure and build your shapes here, I suggest using the Outline view, to see where the edges of your shapes are overlapping. Even better, Inkscape 1.0 introduced the Outline Overlay, which allows you to see not just the outlines but the fill colors of your vector shapes, making them easier to identify! Figure 2.8 shows the Outline overlay in work!
- Now, simply delete that one stray node in the bottom-right corner and shape the resulting curve to perfectly fit the blueprint path! When you are done, just delete the blueprint object since you do not need it anymore.
- Congratulations – the shapes of your logo are now ready! It has a more friendly and cloud-like appearance than before:
Figure 2.9 – The finished shape of the CloudUsers logo
Duplicating during the creative process
Although this chapter is a straightforward project for recreating one particular logo design for practice, it is worth mentioning at this point that there is another way Inkscape can serve you during the logo design process. The program lets you explore and create, giving you a safe space to develop your ideas further! It is a clean transition from experimenting with ideas on paper to experimenting with a more flexible digital canvas.
Any time you hit a decision point in your design work, where you think about changing the color, using a different font, changing a shape, and so on, instead of applying the changes straight on, create a duplication first!
We duplicate for two reasons: creativity and effectiveness. Stop wasting time imagining how the logo would look with another color! Duplicate it and test the two versions side by side in the same file! Then, move on to the version that works better for the project and keep working on that.
But keep the previous version as well – this way, if a change does not work out, you can easily find any previous versions and start branching out from that again. This is an important part of my logo design workflow.
I use duplication to create a whole tree of logos branching out into different versions of the same logo. This is a rule you should try to keep in your design process, and never apply hard changes to the same design.
How to implement this method
If you need a new version, just select all the elements of your current logo, and hit Ctrl + D to duplicate it. Then, holding the Ctrl key, move the duplicated version forward horizontally or vertically. This way, you will create an easily accessible tree of different versions. Here is a real-life example of how my average Inkscape logo design file looks while testing different logo ideas for one of my clients, AI media research.
The flexibility of the Inkscape interface allowed me to be flexible as well. You can experiment almost as freely as on paper – and sometimes even more. You can compare all the versions in a moment:
Figure 2.10 – This is how my average Inkscape logo design file looks while testing different logo ideas
When to use this method
As mentioned previously, whenever you need to make a decision. But more precisely, duplication is very useful, especially in the following cases:
- When you want to make changes to the shape of any logo element, such as its size, shape, position, and so on
- When you are choosing a color for your logo
- When you try different fonts or text placement in your logo
- When you merge elements in your logo design
- When you create different sizes and final versions of your logo
Step 2 – applying color and gradients to your logo
Everyone with a bit of interest in design has heard about color theory and the psychology of colors in logo design. The basic rule of simplicity also applies here: keep your color palette relevant but limited. Try to express the mood of your logo with as few colors as possible. Limiting the number of colors is also crucial for the usage of your logo design.
The fewer the colors, the easier it is to recognize the logo, but it also makes it easier to replicate it on any surface.
Colors in logo design are your ultimate device to express emotions and create a bond with the viewer. That is why it is important to research color samples for your project and look for different color moods to use in your logo before choosing the final colors.
If you find a color that you like, copy the three RGB values or the hexadecimal code of it into Inkscape, like you would do using any graphical program. A hexadecimal code is usually a # followed by six digits. But in Inkscape, you will see eight digits. That is because Inkscape is using RGBA.
RGBA stands for the RGB colors plus the Alpha value, which is the transparency of the given color in hexadecimal code. This is more information that can be handled with six digits, hence why you need eight. You can find this code in the Fill and Stroke dialog window, and it is the easiest way to copy colors from one place to the other.
Whenever you find a hexadecimal color code of six digits, just copy it into its place in Inkscape; the program will automatically add
FF to the end of it to show it is a non-transparent color with a maximum Alpha value.
In this case, the cloud reminds us of the color of the sky, so blue is a good first choice. Also, most tech companies prefer a blue logo, since it stands for calmness, trust, and knowledge. To break the blue up a bit, you can also add another similar color and apply a gradient.
I picked turquoise since it is fresh and optimistic, and I aim to lighten up the tech part of the cloud for the human side of the logo. It is also good to have another color to work with later on while developing the rest of the visual identity. Gradients are trendy (yet again) and even a subtle gradient created from two fairly similar colors gives you a slight 3D effect.
The cloud logo is built up from multiple shapes, which gives you two options to apply a gradient. You can either select all the objects and merge them into one by selecting Path | Union before applying the gradient, or simply select the objects and group them before creating your gradient.
If you choose to merge the shapes, it is wise to duplicate your logo first, to keep the version with the separated elements as well, so that you can come back to it if you need to change something later.
Select the group of merged objects and apply a diagonal gradient of blue (RGBA:
#0088aaff) and turquoise (RGBA:
#37c8abff). Position the gradient handles inside the borders of the logo. This way, you will create a clean gradient with both colors visible at the edge, as shown in the following figure:
Figure 2.11 – Applying the gradient to the cloud logo diagonally
With that, you have added the primary colors. Now, let’s move on to adding text to your logo. You will color the text as well, and you will learn about creating the different color variants later in this chapter.
Step 3 – adding text to your logo and modifying letters for more personality
Every company or organization has a distinctive name, so, naturally, every logo needs a version containing that name.
- First, you can create a unique typeface for your logo. This can be achieved with Inkscape using the Path tools, as we did with the logo design. Creating this type of word art logo takes a lot of work and practice though, and most of the time, it only works well if the text in the logo is a short word or abbreviation.
- On the other hand, you can pick and use an existing font that matches the feeling of your logo design, and helps you convey the message better. The duplicating method mentioned previously works great with this in Inkscape, making it very easy to compare the different font variations.
- Your third choice lies in between those two: picking an existing font and tailoring it to your needs so that it matches your logo design better while you’re still maintaining a unique look.
We will use the third method with our CloudUsers logo design. You will modify an existing font so that it matches the shape of the cloud emblem we created earlier.
Because it is a small and friendly company, with other small and friendly companies as their target group, we will use a fresh and simple font for our text. The font family I chose is Montserrat, a sans-serif type font with several variations, including a bold style that fits the image of the CloudUsers logo almost perfectly.
Your task is to modify the shape of the letters a bit to turn that almost perfect into a perfect fit:
- First, type
CLOUDUSERSin capital letters under the cloud emblem you created.
- Place the text under the emblem and align it roughly to the vertical center of it. You will arrange it and find its final position later after you have changed the shape of the text.
- Select the text and set the font to Montserrat and the font weight to Bold. Feel free to use any color at this point as we will concentrate on the shapes for now.
Looking at the logo and the text in this state, you will notice that the letter C at the front is a bit off. Why? Do you remember the shape you created to build our cloud? That half-rounded rectangle is present in many letters in this clean and modern font.
This is yet another reason to use Montserrat as the typeface for this design: the letters U, D, and the curve of the letter R are all based on the same shape you based your logo on! But that letter C, although very nicely designed, could be forced to fit the other letters in the word. This is the letter you will modify, or, rather, recreate in a new form:
Figure 2.12 – This typeface fits the cloud image, but the C needs to be reshaped
- Select the text object and turn it into a path by selecting Path | Object to Path from the menu, or pressing Shift + Ctrl + C.
- When you turn a piece of text into an editable path, all the letters inside the text object will turn into individual shapes, held together in a group. It is up to you to break up the group (by right-clicking it and choosing Ungroup or pressing Shift + Ctrl + G) or keep it and work inside it. You can enter a group by double-clicking it, or by pressing Ctrl and clicking on the object you need to modify.
Typography is the art of creating and arranging text. There is a whole list of visual rules a typo graphist has to follow while designing letters and typefaces. Only break these rules if it’s necessary to your design and try to keep the visuals of the text consistent. Modifying one of the original letters is a good way to keep your design inside these set rules, while other actions (for example, distorting a whole word by skewing it) are not.
- Select the original letter C and delete it. You could make your own version by using the shape on the left-hand side of the cloud, but it is easier to create something similar while reusing another letter already present. This way, you can also keep the thickness of the strokes and the shape of the letters in the text the same.
- Your goal is to recreate the shape on the left-hand side of the cloud. The best letter to use here is the D in CLOUD. Click on the letter D and duplicate it by pressing Ctrl + D.
- Then, move it in the place of the original C while holding Ctrl.
- Push H to flip it horizontally, then cut off the straight line in the mirrored letter D to open it up.
- Draw a rectangle over that vertical stem, select both the letter D and the rectangle, and select Path | Difference, or press Ctrl + -. This will cut the letter D into an almost perfect open C shape:
Figure 2.13 – Using a rectangle to cut a rotated letter D into a C
- After cutting off the right-hand side of the letter D, you will notice that the letter C you created looks shorter than the rest of the letters in the row and seems out of the picture. But since you are using this technique to keep your letters consistent, you need to fix this by selecting the nodes on the right of the letter C and moving them to the right until the letter is wide enough:
Figure 2.14 – Moving these nodes created a wider look for the letter C
The shape of your text is now much better, fitting the cloud shape on the left.
- To position your text, select the group containing the letters, or if you ungrouped the word earlier, group them again.
- Then, select the cloud emblem as well and center them on the vertical axis using the Arrange and Distribute dialog.
The only thing you need to do is apply the colors so that they match the cloud emblem. You used two colors as a diagonal gradient on the cloud emblem, and now you need to apply a color matching that. Instead of using the same gradient for the text, let’s apply another new color. But how do you decide on a color that is matching?
One of the easiest solutions is using the average color from the gradient present in the logo.
- Select the text, then use the Color picker tool on the emblem to get the color data from there.
- If you click and hold while using the Color picker tool, a circle will appear around your cursor, and Inkscape will calculate the average colors of the area inside the circle. This is a great tool to use here since it will produce a new color, but a color that is already there and is in harmony with your design. Feel free to use the color I picked for the text – its RGBA code is
Figure 2.15 – The finished logo design with text and colors
Using the Color picker tool to extract the average color from any area works great in Inkscape. The only thing to note is to be careful about what is in that color selection circle since Inkscape gathers all the color information, including opacity and alpha values!
The main form of the CloudUsers logo is completed with a friendly geometrical shape and custom text, all presented in a fresh color. But as you know, the logo design process does not stop here. After the initial creative part has been completed, you need to work more to make your logo ready to use!
Creating logo variations for different usages
You should always keep an editable version of your logo design with all the graphical elements still separated. This ensures that if a change or rework is needed, you can fix things easily and you don’t have to recreate anything that is lost.
Now, this being said, every other variation – the ones you hand over to the client – should be as simple as possible! Do not give out a finished logo as a group of objects; instead, merge all the shapes that have the same color, or all the objects that are possible to be merged.
Turn the text into a path to avoid lost fonts, and do the same with strokes as well. This way, you lower the chance of possible errors, and everything will stay in the same position and proportion as intended while designed. The CloudUsers design in particular does not have strokes, and the text is already a path since you modified the font; these are just general guidelines for logo design in a vector.
The following list will show you the most used variations and how to create them. You can see these versions in the same order in Figure 2.16 going from left to right:
- Primal logo version with gradient and text: This is the main version, which shows the logo in its full glory. For this version, do the following:
- Select the group of the cloud logo and ungroup it.
- Then, use Path | Union and merge all the objects into one. It will keep the same gradient, but the elements will be harder to move individually.
- After this, do the same with the text group.
- Ungroup it, select all the letter shapes, and weld them together with Path | Union. You have two shapes now, one is the text, and the other is the iconic part of the logo. Keep them like this; do not merge them since they have different colors.
- Select both of them and group them.
- Flat color version with text: Gradients are trendy, but they are not for every use. You also have to pick the main color that will be used when only one color is available. For the cloud logo, it should be the blue you picked for the text:
- Duplicate the primal logo version and ungroup it.
- Use Path | Union and merge the text and the cloud emblem.
- You now have a single shape; select it and set its color to the blue you picked previously.
- White version: Duplicate the flat color version of the logo and set the color to white. This version will be the one that can be used on colorful backgrounds, applications, or as a watermark on marketing materials, so it is great to have it ready at hand.
- Black version: Again, duplicate the white or the other flat version, and set the color of this new logo to black. This can be used for screen-printing, engraving, laser cutting, and on any other surfaces where color is not needed, or not possible.
- Gradient version without text: Simply duplicate the primal logo version and delete the text part from the group. This will be the version for occasions where the company name is not needed. For example, you can use this as a brand profile picture on Facebook, since the name will be almost unreadably small on the image itself, and it will be written out automatically next to the profile picture.
- Gradient version with different text placement: Since the CloudUsers emblem with the name under it generates a rather tall logo, we should make a variation with a more horizontal layout. This version will be great for website navigation headers, banners, or document letterheads:
- Duplicate the primal version and ungroup it.
- Now, place the text shape next to the cloud shape and scale it up using the Transform tool.
- Flat color versions with different text placement:
- Duplicate the previous logo version you just created.
- Ungroup the text and image elements and merge them into one shape with Path | Union.
- Then, apply the blue color to it to create a one-color version from this text placement as well.
Figure 2.16 – All the different logo variations you should prepare
So far, we have looked into the different logo versions you need to create. These are very useful to know, but they are only visually different from each other. Now, you have to combine them with the appropriate file formats to export to.
Exporting and formats
Most of the logo variations should be exported in all of the following formats to be used smoothly. Of course, there are some exceptions, but it all comes down to one thing: usage. Generally, vector files are good for printing, while a small bitmap image is all you need on a website. These are the go-to formats when exporting the final logo design from Inkscape.
SVG stands for Simple Vector Graphics, and this is the most familiar to any Inkscape user as this is the native format of the program. But as a W3C standard format, SVG is also the best vector format used on the web! It is small and scalable, so it’s perfect for website headers and icons.
Inkscape can save to different types of SVG formats! While the Inkscape SVG has all the descriptions and metadata the program is using, when saving for web usage, it is better to choose plain SVG or optimized SVG. This will make the file size even smaller and the SVG graphics will be ready to be animated or scaled on the web.
Adobe Illustrator can also open SVG files created in Inkscape, so this is a good format to send to the client when they want to edit the file but do not use Inkscape.
Encapsulated Postscript files or EPS are versatile and considered the standard format for printing vector graphics. Whenever your logo is screen printed on a T-shirt or used in a brochure, EPS is a good file format to choose.
As the true Portable Document Format, PDF can be viewed on any platform, can be used in printing, and is harder to edit. In my interpretation, this means it is harder to create any mistakes after you have handed over the file to the customer.
PDF is also the best solution if you need to export in CMYK color mode. You will learn more about this in Chapter 8, Pro Tips and Tricks for Inkscapers.
Why is PNG on this list? PNG is small, and as a bitmap, it can be used on the web, on Facebook, and on other platforms. It also has transparency, so it can be used on different backgrounds – that is, as a watermark on a photo. This is the reason why a PNG logo, although not as scalable and editable as vector formats, is a must to send to your clients as an easy-to-use solution.
In this project, you drew the shape of your logo by using geometric principles and kept things in order. Then, you colored the logo and added text to it before learning how to create all the different logo variations and formats you might need during your work.
What you have now is a versatile logo that is a great base for any follow-up design project. Don’t believe me? We’ll put this theory to the test in the next few chapters!