Home Data Ethereum Projects for Beginners

Ethereum Projects for Beginners

By Kenny Vaneetvelde
books-svg-icon Book
eBook $21.99 $14.99
Print $25.99
Subscription $15.99 $10 p/m for three months
$10 p/m for first 3 months. $15.99 p/m after that. Cancel Anytime!
What do you get with a Packt Subscription?
This book & 7000+ ebooks & video courses on 1000+ technologies
60+ curated reading lists for various learning paths
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Early Access to eBooks as they are being written
Personalised content suggestions
Customised display settings for better reading experience
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Playlists, Notes and Bookmarks to easily manage your learning
Mobile App with offline access
What do you get with a Packt Subscription?
This book & 6500+ ebooks & video courses on 1000+ technologies
60+ curated reading lists for various learning paths
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Early Access to eBooks as they are being written
Personalised content suggestions
Customised display settings for better reading experience
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Playlists, Notes and Bookmarks to easily manage your learning
Mobile App with offline access
What do you get with eBook + Subscription?
Download this book in EPUB and PDF formats, plus a monthly download credit
This book & 6500+ ebooks & video courses on 1000+ technologies
60+ curated reading lists for various learning paths
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Early Access to eBooks as they are being written
Personalised content suggestions
Customised display settings for better reading experience
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Playlists, Notes and Bookmarks to easily manage your learning
Mobile App with offline access
What do you get with a Packt Subscription?
This book & 6500+ ebooks & video courses on 1000+ technologies
60+ curated reading lists for various learning paths
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Early Access to eBooks as they are being written
Personalised content suggestions
Customised display settings for better reading experience
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Playlists, Notes and Bookmarks to easily manage your learning
Mobile App with offline access
What do you get with eBook?
Download this book in EPUB and PDF formats
Access this title in our online reader
DRM FREE - Read whenever, wherever and however you want
Online reader with customised display settings for better reading experience
What do you get with video?
Download this video in MP4 format
Access this title in our online reader
DRM FREE - Watch whenever, wherever and however you want
Online reader with customised display settings for better learning experience
What do you get with video?
Stream this video
Access this title in our online reader
DRM FREE - Watch whenever, wherever and however you want
Online reader with customised display settings for better learning experience
What do you get with Audiobook?
Download a zip folder consisting of audio files (in MP3 Format) along with supplementary PDF
What do you get with Exam Trainer?
Flashcards, Mock exams, Exam Tips, Practice Questions
Access these resources with our interactive certification platform
Mobile compatible-Practice whenever, wherever, however you want
BUY NOW $10 p/m for first 3 months. $15.99 p/m after that. Cancel Anytime!
eBook $21.99 $14.99
Print $25.99
Subscription $15.99 $10 p/m for three months
What do you get with a Packt Subscription?
This book & 7000+ ebooks & video courses on 1000+ technologies
60+ curated reading lists for various learning paths
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Early Access to eBooks as they are being written
Personalised content suggestions
Customised display settings for better reading experience
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Playlists, Notes and Bookmarks to easily manage your learning
Mobile App with offline access
What do you get with a Packt Subscription?
This book & 6500+ ebooks & video courses on 1000+ technologies
60+ curated reading lists for various learning paths
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Early Access to eBooks as they are being written
Personalised content suggestions
Customised display settings for better reading experience
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Playlists, Notes and Bookmarks to easily manage your learning
Mobile App with offline access
What do you get with eBook + Subscription?
Download this book in EPUB and PDF formats, plus a monthly download credit
This book & 6500+ ebooks & video courses on 1000+ technologies
60+ curated reading lists for various learning paths
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Early Access to eBooks as they are being written
Personalised content suggestions
Customised display settings for better reading experience
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Playlists, Notes and Bookmarks to easily manage your learning
Mobile App with offline access
What do you get with a Packt Subscription?
This book & 6500+ ebooks & video courses on 1000+ technologies
60+ curated reading lists for various learning paths
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Early Access to eBooks as they are being written
Personalised content suggestions
Customised display settings for better reading experience
50+ new titles added every month on new and emerging tech
Playlists, Notes and Bookmarks to easily manage your learning
Mobile App with offline access
What do you get with eBook?
Download this book in EPUB and PDF formats
Access this title in our online reader
DRM FREE - Read whenever, wherever and however you want
Online reader with customised display settings for better reading experience
What do you get with video?
Download this video in MP4 format
Access this title in our online reader
DRM FREE - Watch whenever, wherever and however you want
Online reader with customised display settings for better learning experience
What do you get with video?
Stream this video
Access this title in our online reader
DRM FREE - Watch whenever, wherever and however you want
Online reader with customised display settings for better learning experience
What do you get with Audiobook?
Download a zip folder consisting of audio files (in MP3 Format) along with supplementary PDF
What do you get with Exam Trainer?
Flashcards, Mock exams, Exam Tips, Practice Questions
Access these resources with our interactive certification platform
Mobile compatible-Practice whenever, wherever, however you want
About this book
Ethereum enables the development of efficient, smart contracts that contain code. These smart contracts can interact with other smart contracts to make decisions, store data, and send Ether to others.Ethereum Projects for Beginners provides you with a clear introduction to creating cryptocurrencies, smart contracts, and decentralized applications. As you make your way through the book, you’ll get to grips with detailed step-by-step processes to build advanced Ethereum projects. Each project will teach you enough about Ethereum to be productive right away. You will learn how tokenization works, think in a decentralized way, and build blockchain-based distributed computing systems. Towards the end of the book, you will develop interesting Ethereum projects such as creating wallets and secure data sharing.By the end of this book, you will be able to tackle blockchain challenges by implementing end-to-end projects using the full power of the Ethereum blockchain.
Publication date:
July 2018
Publisher
Packt
Pages
106
ISBN
9781789537406

 

Chapter 1. Workflow Setup and Thinking Blockchain

Blockchains are the new fad in the word of cryptocurrency; we have witnessed the remarkably growing popularity of Bitcoins. Ethereum uses a technology similar to Bitcoin, and the coin that it trades in is known as ether. There is not much difference between the two except for smart contracts that are nothing but the codes that are written using the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which automates as well as executes agreements in an immutable ledger. We will get to know more about this later. To dive in further, first we are going to go over some use cases—they're very interesting. Next we will provide an overview of the Ethereum blockchain and blockchain in general. We will look at some of the benefits and limitations of blockchain. Then, we are going to get into setting up an efficient workflow so that we can get into further chapters without anything holding us back.

Topics that we'll be covering in this chapter are as follows:

  • Ethereum-based projects
  • An overview of blockchain and Ethereum
  • Benefits and limitations
  • Setting up an efficient workflow
 

Ethereum-based projects


Ethereum is like Bitcoin, but it's for code! It's the blockchain for smart contracts and it stores immutable code and logic in the blockchain. Immutable is a very important word here. That's pretty much all you need to know about Ethereum. So, what's possible right now? Let's have a look in the following sections.

Gnosis

Gnosis is market-driven forecasting technology. It is based on proven scientific research. It has its own platform known as the Gnosis platform and you can build your own platform on top of it. It basically makes trading predictions. And correct predictions are given the tokens that were at stake for incorrect predictions. Visit https://gnosis.pm/ to access Gnosis.

The way it works is that you trade predictions or you bet on predictions. The following is the front page of Gnosis:

Gnosis front page

In the preceding screenshot, do note the question that is being asked on their home page. Will Dubai's world record for the largest New Year's Eve fireworks display get broken? You can vote yes or no, and by voting, your tokens are at stake, and an Oracle is then going to tell you whether the event happened or not. The blockchain will then check on that Oracle. Oracles are nothing but smart contracts that interact with the outside elements. They can store and retrieve data—this is just what an Ethereum transaction needs to make decisions. An Oracle is a trusted source, and after checking with this trusted source, you can determine in a blockchain whether the event really did happen or not, and you can be absolutely certain about it.

The following diagram explains exactly how this happens:

The Gnosis platform layers

FirstBlood

FirstBlood is comparable to Gnosis; it is for e-sports. In cases where you are a gamer, you can sign up for a match using tokens. You can put tokens at stake to win tokens, you can put yourself in a queue in a pool of other teams or people, and you can play against them. You can even participate in tournaments. The winner of the game gets the tokens. Oracle is used to decide the outcome of a match. Visit http://firstblood.io to access FirstBlood.

 

Dynamis

This is a peer-to-peer insurance company, meaning there are no more middlemen. Currently, they are working on unemployment insurance, wherein you get paid to be unemployed! You just have to show people that you are actively looking for a job. The way they verify this is by using an Oracle similar to Gnosis and FirstBlood, but they use it to check LinkedIn and to verify that you have been applying to jobs.

Ujo Music

This is basically a decentralized music store for artists! We all know iTunes, Spotify, and so on. These are companies that are sitting in the middle of artists and their fans, but fans can't know right away how much money artists actually make from each sale. Ujo Music takes care of this by decentralizing the music store. There are no more middlemen, which means that they are a bridge between artists and fan. This certainly means it ensures more power and money for the artists. There are no worries about licensing and it delivers music services only to verified identities. To access Ujo Music, visit https://ujomusic.com/.

The way it works work is described in the screenshot; they have multiple layers and they have their licensing and payments on Ethereum. They have a persistent identity on uPort which is also built on Ethereum:

 

Ujo Music 

The files themselves are stored in decentralized file storage, InterPlanetary File System (IPFS), and the metadata uses constellate which is also built on Ethereum.

The next project is one of my favorites.

Golem

It is a decentralized supercomputer! It does off-chain calculations. Off-chain calculations are calculations that do not happen on the blockchain; calculations are done outside of the blockchain. Then on the on-chain, it will verify these calculations. This means you can rent out your spare computing power or you can hire extra computing power if you need it. You can do this for 3D rendering, computational chemistry, AI machine learning—anything you like. To visit Golem, go to https://golem.network/.

 

In the following screenshot, you can see the Golem GUI. On the left, you can see a basic wallet; you can also see how much CPU, RAM, and disk space are being used. To the right, you can see a little proof of concept of three tasks being put out there, it's three Blender tasks, in this case, 3D rendering tasks:

Golem GUI

 

Overview of blockchain and Ethereum


Here, we will provide a short overview of Ethereum and blockchain in general. We will have a little look under the hood so that you can get a better understanding of how Ethereum and blockchain make these great products—these great use cases that we've seen are possible.

Going from Bitcoin to Ethereum

Bitcoin was the first blockchain, but Bitcoin was only meant for payments. People started discovering that Bitcoin could be used for other scenarios; we call this Colored Coins. Bitcoin had a surprisingly open design and one guy, Vitalik Buterin, decided to start developing Ethereum on top of the Bitcoin blockchain. But, due to limitations in Bitcoin, Ethereum now has its own blockchain.

The following table shows the differences between Bitcoin and Ethereum:

Bitcoin

Ethereum

Used for payments

Used for code and logic

It is a digital currency

It is a smart contract platform

Average block time/transaction processing time of 10 minutes

Average block time/transaction processing time of only 17.5 seconds

It is not Turing complete

It is Turing complete

Bitcoin and Ethereum are both blockchains. They both rely heavily on private/public-key cryptography, and even though Bitcoin is primarily a form of payment, both can be used to transfer value, although, with the Ethereum blockchain, value will be processed with logic. Both are completely immutable.

The following are the things to remember for blockchains:

  • When something is in the blockchain, it's final. That means there's no rolling back of anything you do, so even with your code, you have to find special way to update it.
  • Your private key is your digital identity, so don't lose it!
  • Blockchain is not standalone; it's usually used in conjunction with other technologies, mostly frontend technology or backend technology.
 

The benefits and limitations


Now that we've looked at an overview of blockchain, we will be having a look at some of the benefits of blockchain. We will also have a look at some of the limitations when you are developing a blockchain application, and we will have a look at how we can overcome these limitations or how we can work around them.

Benefits of blockchain and Ethereum

The following are some of the benefits of blockchain:

  • Decentralization
  • Trustlessness—you don't have to trust or put all your money in a single point of failure
  • It can be very cost effective
  • It can also present itself to be the backbone of IoT and electric vehicles, a power grid, or a decentralized identity in your smartphone or an electric ID card

Limitations of blockchain and Ethereum

The following are some difficulties one can face while using blockchains:

  • If you try to use blockchain where you don't need it, it can be very costly.
  • Blockchains don't really do private data that well because blockchains are supposed to be public.
  • Sometimes, centralization is required, and blockchains are always decentralized; that doesn't fit.
  • Most blockchains don't really scale well to high usage.
  • Storing big files is not really recommended because more computation means more power and more money on a public blockchain; on a private blockchain it just means more power—and you need to invest more in your infrastructure so that is also more money.

Overcoming limitations

Sometimes, you just can't overcome limitations because you just have to use blockchain where you need it. Some things can be overcome, such as storing private data on a public chain. This can be done by adding some extra encryption to your data. You can store big files on the IPFS which is also decentralized—it is not a blockchain, but it is decentralized file storage and it works really well with Ethereum. The problem of scalability is solved by Ethereum's sharding: sharding means splitting the space of accounts, such as contracts, into smaller subspaces. Private chains are also available if you need them, such as J.P. Morgan's Quorum, Monax, and Bletchley. They are all Ethereum based.

 

Setting up the workflow


Here, we will be doing some workflow setup so we can get started with developing.

Requirements

The following are the things we will need for setting up the workflow:

  • Google Chrome.
  • MetaMask, which is a Chrome extension. We will use this to connect to and to test the blockchain.
  • Node Package Manager (NPM).
  • Truffle, which is our first framework. We will be using it to develop our first decentralized application.
  • Ethereum-JS ganache-cli, which is a test blockchain.

 

 

Getting started

Follow these steps to set up the workflow:

  1. Get the NPM. It is part of Node.js. You can get it at www.npmjs.com/get-npm, as shown in the following screenshot:

Getting the NPM

  1. Select the latest version displayed on their web page:
  2. Click on GET CHROME EXTENSION.
    • Then click on Add to Chrome.
  3. The preceding tool that we will be used to test our blockchain applications. Once you've installed it, a new tab will open up with a video explaining in depth how to use it and what it is.
  4. It is important for you to remember during this book that you can connect to the main network as well as three test networks, but you can also set up your own network, your own blockchain, and run on that. The following screenshot shows this:

MetaMask Main Network

  1. Install the Ethereum blockchain simulator called ganache-cli.
  2. This can be done as explained in the following screenshot:

Command to install Ethereum blockchain simulator

  1. You can install this as a node package by just copying this command and pasting it in your terminal. Once you've pasted it in your terminal, it will start installing, as shown here:

Installing Ethereum Simulator

 

Once that is done, it will tell you that it has succeeded; quit this for now because I have already reinstalled this. You can go ahead and verify it by typing ganache-cli into your Command Prompt and verifying that it runs. The following will be the output you will get if you have installed the simulator correctly:

Ethereum Simulator

  1. Installing and downloading Truffle.
  2. Truffle also is a simple node package from truffleframework.com that you can install by copying and pasting a command into your terminal, as shown here:

Command for installing Truffle

  1. Once that's done installing, you can verify it by typing truffle, as shown in the following screenshot, and now you can use any of these commands:

Truffle

  1. You can use init to initialize a new project, which we will be doing in the next chapter. Hence, we have successfully completed the installation.

 

 

 

Summary


We have discussed different projects running on Ethereum and gained an overview of blockchain; after this, we moved on to its benefits and limitations, and how to overcome the limitations. In the end, we created a setup for our own Ethereum workflow.

In the next chapter, we will be developing our first simple decentralized payment application with Ethereum.

About the Author
  • Kenny Vaneetvelde

    Kenny Vaneetvelde had been trading Bitcoin for a few years when he heard about a new technology called Ethereum and was completely captivated by it. After learning all that he could about Ethereum and other blockchain technologies that had suddenly started sprouting up everywhere, he spent over a year doing R and D, developing prototypes, and training new employees in a consultancy firm so that they could start up a new blockchain branch.

    Browse publications by this author
Latest Reviews (3 reviews total)
Good intro to ethereum. examples easy to follow.
A very technical document; it could be enhanced by referring a process approach of the business.
Great! Good experience. quick and fast response.
Ethereum Projects for Beginners
Unlock this book and the full library FREE for 7 days
Start now