Cacti Beginner's Guide - Second Edition

A comprehensive guide to learning Cacti and using it to implement performance measurement and reporting within a Network Operations Center
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Cacti Beginner's Guide - Second Edition

Thomas Urban

A comprehensive guide to learning Cacti and using it to implement performance measurement and reporting within a Network Operations Center

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Book Details

ISBN 139781788299183
Paperback420 pages

Book Description

Cacti is a performance measurement tool that provides easy methods and functions for gathering and graphing system data. You can use Cacti to develop a robust event management system that can alert on just about anything you would like it to. But to do that, you need to gain a solid understanding of the basics of Cacti, its plugin architecture, and automation concepts.

Cacti Beginner's Guide will introduce you to the wide variety of features of Cacti and will guide you on how to use them for maximum effectiveness. Advanced topics such as the plugin architecture and Cacti automation using the command-line interface will help you build a professional performance measurement system. Designed as a beginner's guide, the book starts off with the basics of installing and using Cacti, and also covers the advanced topics that will show you how to customize and extend the core Cacti functionalities. The book offers essential tutorials for creating advanced graphs and using plugins to create enterprise-class reports to show your customers and colleagues. From data templates to input methods and plugin installation to creating your own customized plugins, this book provides you with a rich selection of step-by-step instructions to reach your goals. It covers all you need to know to implement professional performance measurement techniques with Cacti and ways to fully customize Cacti to fit your needs. You will also learn how to migrate Cacti to new servers. Lastly you will also be introduced to the latest feature of building a scalable remote poller environment.

By the end of the book, you will be able to implement and extend Cacti to monitor, display, and report the performance of your network exactly the way you want.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Installing Cacti
Preparing the system - basic prerequisites
Installing Cacti on a CentOS 7 system
Installing Cacti on a Windows system
Upgrading Cacti
Using Cacti for the first time
The Cacti web interface explained
Before we continue
Summary
Chapter 2: Using Graphs to Monitor Networks and Devices
An introduction to Cacti graphs and RRDtool
Adding devices to Cacti
Adding devices to the Cacti tree
Before we continue
Summary
Chapter 3: Creating and Using Templates
An introduction to templates
Defining a data source template
Defining a graph template
Defining a device template
Importing/exporting templates
The template repository
Before we continue
Summary
Chapter 4: User Management
An introduction to Cacti user management
Creating a user
General User Settings
Permissions tabs
User Groups
The template user
Integrate LDAP/Active Directory authentication
Managing users with the Cacti CLI
Before we continue
Summary
Chapter 5: Data Management
An introduction to Cacti data management
Creating data input methods
Creating data queries
Creating a remote SSH data input method
Before we continue
Summary
Chapter 6: Cacti Maintenance
An introduction to Cacti maintenance
The Cacti directory structure
Backup and restore procedures
Log file management
Cacti maintenance
A short overview of the Cacti CLI functionality
Pop quiz - a few questions about Chapter 6
Summary
Chapter 7: Network and Server Monitoring
An introduction to network and server monitoring
Monitoring a network device
Monitoring VMware ESX servers
Windows monitoring
Linux monitoring
Pop quiz - a few questions about Chapter 7
Summary
Chapter 8: Plugin Architecture
Introduction to the plugin architecture
Configuring the plugin architecture
Downloading and installing plugins
Updating a plugin
Adding plugin permissions
Pop quiz - a few questions about Chapter 8
Summary
Chapter 9: Plugins
Plugin design
Commonly used plugins
Creating a new plugin
Summary
Chapter 10: Threshold Monitoring with Thold
Threshold monitoring
Installing Thold
Configuring Thold
Using Thold
Pop quiz - a few questions about Chapter 10
Summary
Chapter 11: Enterprise Reporting
Overview of Nectar and CereusReporting
Nectar
CereusReporting
Report scheduling and polling performance
Advanced reporting features of CereusReporting
Pop quiz - a few questions about Chapter 11
Summary
Chapter 12: Cacti Automation for NOC
Overview of Cacti automation
Using the Cacti CLI
Automation - true Cacti automation
Summary
Chapter 13: Migrating Cacti to a New Server
Overview of a Cacti migration
Cacti files
The RRD files
Creating the initial cacti backup
What just happened?
Preparing the target system
Further information
Summary
Chapter 14: Multiple Poller with Cacti
Overview of the remote poller architecture
Setting up the master system
Setting up the remote poller system
Prepare the remote poller
Final configuration of the master poller
Adding devices to the remote poller
Further information
Summary
Chapter 15: Online Resources
Cacti website
Chapter 16: Further Information
The Round Robin database tool
SNMP - the Simple Network Management Protocol
Where to get support?
Chapter 17: Pop Quiz Answers
Chapter 1 — Installing Cacti
Chapter 2 — Using Graphs to Monitor Networks and Devices
Chapter 3 — Creating and Using Templates
Chapter 4 — User Management
Chapter 5 — Data Management
Chapter 6 — Cacti Maintenance
Chapter 7 — Network and Server Monitoring
Chapter 8 — Plugin Architecture
Chapter 9 — Plugins
Chapter 10 — Threshold Monitoring with Thold
Chapter 11 — Enterprise Reporting
Chapter 12 — Cacti Automation for NOC
Chapter 13 — Migrating Cacti to a New Server
Chapter 14 — Multiple Poller with Cacti

What You Will Learn

  • Setting up Cacti on Linux and Windows systems
  • Extending the core functionality by using the plugin architecture
  • Building your own custom plugins
  • Creating your own custom data input method to retrieve data from your systems
  • Using SNMP, SSH, and WMI to retrieve remote performance data
  • Designing and create enterprise-class reports with the reporting plugins
  • Implementing threshold-based alerting using the Thold plugin
  • Automating common administrative tasks utilizing the command-line interface and the automate functionality
  • Migrating Cacti to new servers
  • Building a multi remote-poller environment

Authors

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Installing Cacti
Preparing the system - basic prerequisites
Installing Cacti on a CentOS 7 system
Installing Cacti on a Windows system
Upgrading Cacti
Using Cacti for the first time
The Cacti web interface explained
Before we continue
Summary
Chapter 2: Using Graphs to Monitor Networks and Devices
An introduction to Cacti graphs and RRDtool
Adding devices to Cacti
Adding devices to the Cacti tree
Before we continue
Summary
Chapter 3: Creating and Using Templates
An introduction to templates
Defining a data source template
Defining a graph template
Defining a device template
Importing/exporting templates
The template repository
Before we continue
Summary
Chapter 4: User Management
An introduction to Cacti user management
Creating a user
General User Settings
Permissions tabs
User Groups
The template user
Integrate LDAP/Active Directory authentication
Managing users with the Cacti CLI
Before we continue
Summary
Chapter 5: Data Management
An introduction to Cacti data management
Creating data input methods
Creating data queries
Creating a remote SSH data input method
Before we continue
Summary
Chapter 6: Cacti Maintenance
An introduction to Cacti maintenance
The Cacti directory structure
Backup and restore procedures
Log file management
Cacti maintenance
A short overview of the Cacti CLI functionality
Pop quiz - a few questions about Chapter 6
Summary
Chapter 7: Network and Server Monitoring
An introduction to network and server monitoring
Monitoring a network device
Monitoring VMware ESX servers
Windows monitoring
Linux monitoring
Pop quiz - a few questions about Chapter 7
Summary
Chapter 8: Plugin Architecture
Introduction to the plugin architecture
Configuring the plugin architecture
Downloading and installing plugins
Updating a plugin
Adding plugin permissions
Pop quiz - a few questions about Chapter 8
Summary
Chapter 9: Plugins
Plugin design
Commonly used plugins
Creating a new plugin
Summary
Chapter 10: Threshold Monitoring with Thold
Threshold monitoring
Installing Thold
Configuring Thold
Using Thold
Pop quiz - a few questions about Chapter 10
Summary
Chapter 11: Enterprise Reporting
Overview of Nectar and CereusReporting
Nectar
CereusReporting
Report scheduling and polling performance
Advanced reporting features of CereusReporting
Pop quiz - a few questions about Chapter 11
Summary
Chapter 12: Cacti Automation for NOC
Overview of Cacti automation
Using the Cacti CLI
Automation - true Cacti automation
Summary
Chapter 13: Migrating Cacti to a New Server
Overview of a Cacti migration
Cacti files
The RRD files
Creating the initial cacti backup
What just happened?
Preparing the target system
Further information
Summary
Chapter 14: Multiple Poller with Cacti
Overview of the remote poller architecture
Setting up the master system
Setting up the remote poller system
Prepare the remote poller
Final configuration of the master poller
Adding devices to the remote poller
Further information
Summary
Chapter 15: Online Resources
Cacti website
Chapter 16: Further Information
The Round Robin database tool
SNMP - the Simple Network Management Protocol
Where to get support?
Chapter 17: Pop Quiz Answers
Chapter 1 — Installing Cacti
Chapter 2 — Using Graphs to Monitor Networks and Devices
Chapter 3 — Creating and Using Templates
Chapter 4 — User Management
Chapter 5 — Data Management
Chapter 6 — Cacti Maintenance
Chapter 7 — Network and Server Monitoring
Chapter 8 — Plugin Architecture
Chapter 9 — Plugins
Chapter 10 — Threshold Monitoring with Thold
Chapter 11 — Enterprise Reporting
Chapter 12 — Cacti Automation for NOC
Chapter 13 — Migrating Cacti to a New Server
Chapter 14 — Multiple Poller with Cacti

Book Details

ISBN 139781788299183
Paperback420 pages
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