Learning C# by Developing Games with Unity 3D Beginner's Guide

More Information
Learn
  • Understand what a variable is and how it works
  • Learn about methods and functions is and how they are used to manipulate information
  • Learn the concept of an object, a component of a GameObject, and the class they come from
  • Learn about communication between objects using Dot Syntax
  • Understand how to make decisions in code
  • Learn how to use a State Machine to control and organize a Unity project
  • Master the Scripting Reference to bring GameObjects to life
  • Learn how to use the Unity Physics engine for moving and detecting GameObject collisions and triggers
  • Display information on the game screen
About

For the absolute beginner to any concept of programming, writing a script can appear to be an impossible hurdle to overcome. The truth is, there are only three simple concepts to understand: 1) having some type of information; 2) using the information; and 3) communicating the information. Each of these concepts is very simple and extremely important. These three concepts are combined to access the feature set provided by Unity.

"Learning C# by Developing Games with Unity 3D Beginner's Guide" assumes that you know nothing about programming concepts. First you will learn the absolute basics of programming using everyday examples that you already know. As you progress through the book, you will find that C# is not a foreign language after all, because you already know the words. With a few keywords and using substitution, before you know it, you'll be thinking in code.

The book starts by explaining in simple terms the three concepts you need for writing C# code and scripts: 1) variables to hold information; 2) methods (functions) to use the information; and 3) Dot Syntax to communicate the information where it's needed. The book builds on these concepts to open up the world of C# coding and Unity scripting. You will use this new power to access the features provided in Unity's Scripting Reference.

The first half of this book is devoted to the code writing beginner. The concepts of variables, methods, Dot Syntax, and decision processing are fully explained. Since C# is an actual programming language, we take advantage of this to develop a State Machine to help control and organize each phase of a Unity project. Once the basic programming concepts are established and we have some State Machine organization, the features and power of Unity are accessed using the Scripting Reference.

If you're looking to learn C# for Unity then this is the book that offers everything you need and more - so discover what C# offers today and see your work come to life as complete games!

Features
  • You've actually been creating scripts in your mind your whole life, you just didn't realize it. Apply this logical ability to write Unity C# scripts
  • Learn how to use the two primary building blocks for writing scripts: the variable and the method. They're not mysterious or intimidating, just a simple form of substitution
  • Learn about GameObjects and Component objects as well as the vital communication between these objects using Dot Syntax. It's easy, just like addressing a postal letter
  • Stay logically organized by utilizing a State Machine for your code. Use the simple concept of a State to control your Unity project. You will definitely save time by knowing where your code is located
  • With your new knowledge of coding, you will be able to look at Unity's Scripting Reference code examples with confidence
Page Count 292
Course Length 8 hours 45 minutes
ISBN 9781849696586
Date Of Publication 24 Sep 2013
Prerequisite knowledge for using this book
Dealing with scriptphobia
Choosing to use C# instead of UnityScript
Maneuvering around Unity's documentation
Time for action – opening the Reference Manual documentation for the transform Component
Time for action – opening the scripting reference documentation for the transform component
Working with C# script files
Time for action – create a C# script file
Time for action – opening LearningScript in MonoDevelop
Summary
Testing conditions with an if statement
Time for action – create a couple of if statements
Time for action – create if statements with more than one condition to check
Using an if-else statement to execute alternate code
Time for action – add "else" to the if statement
Making decisions based on user input
Storing data in an array, a List, or a Dictionary
Time for action – create a List of pony names
Time for action – create a dictionary of pony names and keys
Time for action – adding ponies using a Collection Initializer
Looping though lists to make decisions
Time for action – using foreach loops to retrieve data
Time for action – selecting a pony from a List using a for loop
Time for action – finding data and breakout of the while loop
Summary
Using Dot Syntax is like addressing a letter
Working with objects is a class act
Using Dot Syntax in a script
Time for action – accessing a variable in the current Component
Time for action – communicating with another Component on the Main Camera
Time for action – creating two GameObjects and a new script
Accessing GameObjects using drag-and-drop versus writing code
Time for action – trying drag-and-drop to assign a GameObject
Summary
Creating four State classes
Time for action – modifying BeginState and add three more States
Setting up the StateManager controller
Time for action – modify StateManager
Time for action – modifying PlayState to add another State
Time for action – adding OnGUI to StateManager
Changing the active State and controlling the Scene
Time for action – adding GameObjects and a button to the Scene
Time for action – adding code to pause the game Scene
Time for action – creating a timer in BeginState
Changing Scenes
Time for action – setting up another Scene
Time for action – adding the Awake method to StateManager
Time for action – adding the code to change the Scenes
Summary
Easing into Unity's scripting documentation
Setup the State Machine and add a Player GameObject
Time for action – setting up nine States and three Scenes
Time for action - adding a Player GameObject
Time for action – creating a GameData script
Controlling the Player GameObject
Time for action – rotating Player in SetupState
Time for action – changing the color using GUI buttons
Time for action – setting the Lives for Player
Summary
Visualizing the completed game
Switching to the first play State and playable scene
Adding cameras for different viewing options
Time for action – setting up two additional cameras in the scene
Time for actioning – attach the LookAtPlayer camera script
Time for action – attaching the FollowingPlayer camera script
Moving the Player using Rigidbody physics
Time for action – adding a Rigidbody to the Player
Keeping score during the game
Time for action – creating a good and bad prefab
Shooting projectiles at the orbs
Time for action – creating the EnergyPulse prefab
Summary

Authors

Terry Norton

Terry Norton was born and raised in California. During the Vietnam era, he served six and half years in the US Air Force. While in the military, he was trained in electronics for electronic counter-measures. Upon discharge, he earned his Electrical Engineering degree, and later working for Joslyn Defense Systems in Vermont, designing and developing test equipment for the US Navy. When personal computers came on the scene, he took an interest in building computers, but never quite delved deep into the programming side. It wasn't until 2004 that programming peaked his interest. He began writing articles for OS/2 Magazine to teach C++ programming. Unfortunately, damaging his left hand in a snowblower accident in 2005 ended his writing for a couple years. IBM abandoned OS/2, so Terry bought his first Apple computer in early 2006. He tried a few times to learn Objective-C, but work and family always seemed to sidetrack his efforts. It wasn't until about 2010 when he discovered Unity and the need to write scripts, that he finally made some progress into the programming world. He began writing an online tutorial for UnityScript titled UnityScript for Noobs. It was a basic tutorial for beginners made available just before Unite 2011. Since then, Terry has been learning C# for writing scripts for Unity. Packt Publishing noticed UnityScript for Noobs and asked if he would be interested in writing a book about learning UnityScript. He declined. He felt that C# was a better language, and his heart just wasn't into UnityScript any longer. Two weeks later, Packt offered him the opportunity to write a book about learning C# for Unity. He jumped on it.