VMware View 5 Desktop Virtualization Solutions


VMware View 5 Desktop Virtualization Solutions
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Overview
Table of Contents
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  • Written by VMware experts Jason Langone and Andre Leibovici, this book is a complete guide to planning and designing a solution based on VMware View 5
  • Secure your Visual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) by having firewalls, antivirus, virtual enclaves, USB redirection and filtering and smart card authentication
  • Analyze the strategies and techniques used to migrate a user population from a physical desktop environment to a virtual desktop solution
  • A learn-by-example based approach that focuses on key concepts to provide the foundation to solve real world problems

Book Details

Language : English
Paperback : 288 pages [ 235mm x 191mm ]
Release Date : June 2012
ISBN : 1849681120
ISBN 13 : 9781849681124
Author(s) : Jason Langone, Andre Leibovici
Topics and Technologies : All Books, Virtualization and Cloud, Enterprise, Virtualisation

Table of Contents

Preface
Chapter 1: Components of VMware View
Chapter 2: Solution Methodology
Chapter 3: Persistent or Non-Persistent vDesktops
Chapter 4: End Devices
Chapter 5: The PCoIP Protocol
Chapter 6: Sizing the VDI
Chapter 7: Redundancy
Chapter 8: Sizing the Storage
Chapter 9: Security
Chapter 10: Migrating from Physical Desktops to Virtual Desktops
Chapter 11: Backing Up the VMware View Infrastructure
Chapter 12: VMware View 5.1
Appendix: Additional Tools
Index
  • Chapter 1: Components of VMware View
    • Core components of VMware View
      • vCenter Server
      • View Connection Server
        • The types of VMware View Connection Servers
      • View Agent
      • View Client
    • Optional component—VMware View Composer
      • Introduction to View Composer
        • Using vCenter's SQL Express Installation for View Composer
        • Snapshots and linked clones
        • Linked clones
        • Templates
        • Full provisioning versus linked clones
      • Types of disks
        • OS Disk
        • User Data Disk
        • Temp Data Disk
      • Many options of disk types and redirection
        • Thin provisioning versus thick provisioning
      • Optional component—VMware View Transfer Server
        • Checking out
        • Checking in
        • Replication
        • Rollback
    • Summary
    • Chapter 2: Solution Methodology
      • Assessment
        • Questionnaire
          • Assessment worksheet from VMware View 5 Desktop Virtualization Solutions
        • Metric collection
          • Processing the data
      • Use case definition
      • Design overview
        • Storage
          • Isolation at the data store level
        • Networking
        • Compute
        • VMware vSphere and View desktop pool infrastructure
          • Pod architecture
        • Application distribution infrastructure
        • User persona management
          • What is a user persona?
        • Connection infrastructure
        • End devices
        • People
      • Validation
        • VMware View Planner tool (formerly VMware RAWC)
          • Comparing storage platforms
      • Summary
      • Chapter 3: Persistent or Non-Persistent vDesktops
        • Persistent desktops
          • Example scenario
        • Non-persistent desktops
          • Example scenario
        • Other non-persistent notes and considerations
        • Multisite solutions
          • Why is a non-persistent vDesktop best for a multisite?
          • Why distance matters
          • Profiles in the cloud
        • Hybrid: persistent mixed with non-persistent
        • How to choose
        • Summary
        • Chapter 4: End Devices
          • Thick clients
            • Repurposing thick clients
          • Thin clients
          • Teradici PCoIP-powered zero clients
          • Other clients
          • Choosing the proper device
            • A one-cable zero client solution
          • Summary
          • Chapter 5: The PCoIP Protocol
            • Why lossless quality is important
            • PCoIP network fundamentals
              • The two types of PCoIP connections
            • Multimedia redirection
              • The MMR perfect storm
            • Teradici APEX offload card
              • The offload process
              • Defining the offload tiers
              • Design considerations
            • Summary
            • Chapter 6: Sizing the VDI
              • Network considerations
                • Sizing the network
                  • Network connection characteristics
                • DHCP considerations
                • Virtual switch considerations
                  • Standard versus distributed switches
                  • Port binding
                  • Port binding and VMware View Composer
              • Compute considerations
              • Working with VMware vSphere maximums
                • Solution example—25,000 seats of VMware View
                  • Solution design—physical server requirements
                  • Solution design—the pod concept
                  • Solution design—pools
                  • Solution design—the formulae
              • Summary
              • Chapter 7: Redundancy
                • Physical infrastructure
                  • VMware High Availability
                    • Do you even need VMware HA?
                  • VMware Distributed Resource Scheduling
                    • Anti-affinity
                • VMware vCenter Server
                  • VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat
                    • Why VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat should be used
                • VMware View
                  • Replica
                  • Load balancing
                  • VMware Fault Tolerance
                    • Design impact when using VMware FT
                • Parent vDesktop and templates
                  • Templates
                  • Parent vDesktops with snapshots
                • User personas
                • Summary
                • Chapter 8: Sizing the Storage
                  • VMware View Composer
                  • VMware vSphere files
                  • VMware View specific files
                  • Tiered storage
                    • Replica disk
                    • Internal disk
                    • Delta/differential disk
                    • Disposable disk
                      • Windows paging files
                      • Temporary internet files
                    • Persistent disk
                  • Storage overcommit
                    • Storage overcommit level options
                  • Storage protocols
                  • Maximums and limits
                    • 64 – to 140 linked clones per datastore (VMFS)
                    • 250 linked clones per datastore (NFS)
                    • 32 full – clones desktops per datastore (VMFS)
                      • 8 hosts per vSphere cluster with View Composer
                      • 1,000 clones per replica
                  • Storage I/O profile
                  • Read/write I/O ratio
                  • Storage tiering and I/O distribution
                  • Disk types
                  • Capacity sizing exercises
                    • Sizing full clones
                      • Scenario 1
                      • Scenario 2
                    • Sizing linked clones
                      • Parent VM
                      • Replica
                      • Scenario 1
                      • Scenario 2
                  • vSphere 5.0 video swap
                  • Summary
                  • Chapter 9: Security
                    • The inherent security of VDI
                    • Firewalls, zones, and antivirus
                      • The fundamentals – firewall rules
                    • Virtual enclaves
                      • The jailbreak scenario
                    • USB redirection and filtering
                      • USB filtering at the end device
                      • USB filtering via View Connection Server
                      • USB filtering via the Windows operating system
                    • Smart card authentication
                      • Configuring smart card authentication for VMware View Connection Servers
                        • Preparing the environment for smart card authentication
                      • Configuring smart card authentication for VMware View Security Servers
                      • Configuring U.S. Department of Defense CAC Authentication
                      • Certificate revocation configuration
                        • Configure the use of a CRL
                        • Configure the use of OCSP
                        • Configure the use of both a CRL and OCSP
                    • Prohibiting the use of Copy and Paste functions
                    • View Connection Server tags
                    • Forensics
                    • Summary
                      • Chapter 11: Backing Up the VMware View Infrastructure
                        • Backing up the VMware View Connection Server environment
                          • Security server considerations
                          • Transfer server and ThinApp repository considerations
                        • Restoring the VMware View environment
                        • Backing up the gold templates
                        • Backing up the Parent VM
                        • Summary
                        • Chapter 12: VMware View 5.1
                          • Platform features
                            • Content-Based Read Cache (also known as View Storage Accelerator)
                              • CBRC storage sizing
                              • Host memory sizing
                              • Managing CBRC
                            • View Composer Array Integration
                            • Support 32 (up from 8) hosts in a cluster on NAS
                            • Standalone View Composer Server
                            • Customizable disposable disk drive letter
                          • User experience and client features
                          • Management and administration
                            • UI enhancements and localization
                            • Support of pre-created Active Directory Machine Accounts
                            • VMware vCenter and View Composer Advanced Settings
                            • Phone home
                          • Persona management
                          • Security
                          • Summary

                            Jason Langone

                            Jason Langone (@langonej) has been involved in VMware solutions for over seven years and has designed and implemented solutions around the world. Langone has a long history of designing VMware-based tools (for example, V-Moses and ESX Recovery Center), as well as designing robust solutions for enterprise customers. Langone spoke at VMWorld 2006 and won a VMware Vanguard Award in 2007 for Best DR Solution. He is a VMware Certified Design Expert (VCDX), a VMware vExpert, and a VMware Certified Professional (VCP). In addition, Langone has been involved in some of the largest VDI deployments from the Middle East to deployable solutions in the US. Langone maintains a blog dedicated to virtualization and cloud computing at www.ThinkVIRT.com

                            Andre Leibovici

                            Andre Leibovici (@andreleibovici) is a leading expert in the current area of virtualization and End User Computing and maintains an award-winning and world-recognized blog. For the last 10 years, his passion and dedication around virtualization and End User Computing has helped many organizations while working for VMware Professional Services, EMC Virtualization Team (vSpecialists), and through creating professional blogging resources. His expertise is backed by more than 20 years industry experience managing IT infrastructures for large organizations. Andre's blog http://myvirtualcloud.net is recognized as one of the industry leading technical VDI blogs with more than 1.5 million views every month. Based on his field experience, he developed a number of free tools to help beginners and advanced architects to appropriately size and architect VDI solutions. Those tools include the VMware View Online Calculator, the XenDesktop Online Calculator, and the Display Protocol Online Calculator. His passion for End User Computing led him to find the APAC Virtualization Podcast and speak at conferences such as the Brazil vForum 2011, Las Vegas VMworld 2011, and the Sydney vForum 2010. Due to his creativity and accomplishments, he received the VMware Virtual Desktop Ingenuity Award 2009 and was recognized as vExpert recipient award for two consecutive years. Degree qualified, Andre also holds VCP 5, VCAP4-DCA, VCAP4-DCD, VCP4-DT, ITIL V3, EMCCA, EMCDCA, and MCSE certifications. He is currently helping to shape the future of End User Computing by working at VMware as an architect in the Office of the CTO and enjoying his work.
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                            Sample chapters

                            You can view our sample chapters and prefaces of this title on PacktLib or download sample chapters in PDF format.

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                            What you will learn from this book

                            • Analyse the strategies and techniques used to migrate a user population from a physical desktop environment to a virtual desktop solution
                            • Decide whether to use persistent or non-persistent vDesktops, which impacts many areas of the overall VDI including storage, desktop pools and management
                            • Understand how end devices such as thick client, thin client, zero clients and other devices, such as the Apple iPad, are supported by VMware View
                            • Correctly size the VDI and avoid slow logons, poor PCoIP performance, authentication errors, random failures, and more
                            • Analyse all of the potential points of failure within a VDI and provide redundancy for each component
                            • Effectively plan the storage design for your VDI
                            • Ensure regular backups are taken to ensure a quick recovery in times of failure
                            • Understand various VDI design considerations for disaster recovery

                            In Detail

                            VMware View is a desktop virtualization solution that helps organizations automate desktop and application management, reduce costs, and increase data security through centralization of the desktop environment.

                            Written by VMware experts Jason Langone and Andre Leibovici, this book is meant as a guide for architects, solution providers, consultants, engineers and anyone planning to design and implement a solution based on VMware View 5. This book will pull information and expertise from real world scenarios so as to maximize practical learning. It will explain the settings and configurations needed to have a successful desktop virtualization solution as well as the ‘why’ behind the decisions.

                            This book is not meant to replace the official Administration or Installation Guides for VMware View or ThinApp published by the great people at VMware. The material in this book should be used during the design phase, which is before an implementation is underway. All components of a VMware View solution will be covered.

                            This book uses case studies from the real world including:

                            • Hotel Kiosk

                            VDI solution used in a hotel lobby to provide basic connectivity to its guests

                            • Federal agency with classified and unclassified information

                            VDI used to allow analysts to securely connect to both a classified and unclassified network from the same device

                            • Remote Office

                            VDI used to provide connectivity to offshore developers

                            • Out-of-band Scientist

                            VDI used to provide a secure desktop environment to scientists fighting disease in remote locales

                            Approach

                            This book will pull information and expertise from real world scenarios so as to maximize practical learning. It will explain the settings and configurations needed to have a successful desktop virtualization solution as well as the ‘why’ behind the decisions.

                            Who this book is for

                            This book is meant as a guide for architects, solution providers, consultants, engineers and anyone planning to design and implement a solution based on VMware View 5.

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