# NumPy Beginner’s Guide - Second Edition

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Overview
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Sample Chapters
• Perform high performance calculations with clean and efficient NumPy code.
• Analyze large data sets with statistical functions
• Execute complex linear algebra and mathematical computations

### Book Details

Language : English
Paperback : 310 pages [ 235mm x 191mm ]
Release Date : April 2013
ISBN : 1782166084
ISBN 13 : 9781782166085
Author(s) : Ivan Idris
Topics and Technologies : All Books, Big Data and Business Intelligence, Beginner's Guides, Open Source, Python

Preface
Chapter 1: NumPy Quick Start
Chapter 2: Beginning with NumPy Fundamentals
Chapter 3: Get in Terms with Commonly Used Functions
Chapter 4: Convenience Functions for Your Convenience
Chapter 5: Working with Matrices and ufuncs
Chapter 6: Move Further with NumPy Modules
Chapter 7: Peeking into Special Routines
Chapter 8: Assure Quality with Testing
Chapter 9: Plotting with Matplotlib
Chapter 10: When NumPy is Not Enough – SciPy and Beyond
Chapter 11: Playing with Pygame
Index
• Chapter 1: NumPy Quick Start
• Python
• Time for action – installing Python on different operating systems
• Windows
• Time for action – installing NumPy, Matplotlib, SciPy, and IPython on Windows
• Linux
• Time for action – installing NumPy, Matplotlib, SciPy, and IPython on Linux
• Mac OS X
• Time for action – installing NumPy, Matplotlib, and SciPy on Mac OS X
• Time for action – installing NumPy, SciPy, Matplotlib, and IPython with MacPorts or Fink
• Building from source
• Arrays
• Time for action – adding vectors
• IPython—an interactive shell
• Online resources and help
• Summary
• Chapter 2: Beginning with NumPy Fundamentals
• NumPy array object
• Time for action – creating a multidimensional array
• Selecting elements
• NumPy numerical types
• Data type objects
• Character codes
• dtype constructors
• dtype attributes
• Time for action – creating a record data type
• One-dimensional slicing and indexing
• Time for action – slicing and indexing multidimensional arrays
• Time for action – manipulating array shapes
• Stacking
• Time for action – stacking arrays
• Splitting
• Time for action – splitting arrays
• Array attributes
• Time for action – converting arrays
• Summary
• Chapter 3: Get in Terms with Commonly Used Functions
• File I/O
• Time for action – reading and writing files
• CSV files
• Time for action – loading from CSV files
• Volume-weighted average price
• Time for action – calculating volume-weighted average price
• The mean function
• Time-weighted average price
• Value range
• Time for action – finding highest and lowest values
• Statistics
• Time for action – doing simple statistics
• Stock returns
• Time for action – analyzing stock returns
• Dates
• Time for action – dealing with dates
• Weekly summary
• Time for action – summarizing data
• Average true range
• Time for action – calculating the average true range
• Simple moving average
• Time for action – computing the simple moving average
• Exponential moving average
• Time for action – calculating the exponential moving average
• Bollinger bands
• Time for action – enveloping with Bollinger bands
• Linear model
• Time for action – predicting price with a linear model
• Trend lines
• Time for action – drawing trend lines
• Methods of ndarray
• Time for action – clipping and compressing arrays
• Factorial
• Time for action – calculating the factorial
• Summary
• Chapter 4: Convenience Functions for Your Convenience
• Correlation
• Time for action – trading correlated pairs
• Polynomials
• Time for action – fitting to polynomials
• On-balance volume
• Time for action – balancing volume
• Simulation
• Time for action – avoiding loops with vectorize
• Smoothing
• Time for action – smoothing with the hanning function
• Summary
• Chapter 5: Working with Matrices and ufuncs
• Matrices
• Time for action – creating matrices
• Creating a matrix from other matrices
• Time for action – creating a matrix from other matrices
• Universal functions
• Time for action – creating universal function
• Universal function methods
• Time for action – applying the ufunc methods on add
• Arithmetic functions
• Time for action – dividing arrays
• Time for action – computing the modulo
• Fibonacci numbers
• Time for action – computing Fibonacci numbers
• Lissajous curves
• Time for action – drawing Lissajous curves
• Square waves
• Time for action – drawing a square wave
• Sawtooth and triangle waves
• Time for action – drawing sawtooth and triangle waves
• Bitwise and comparison functions
• Time for action – twiddling bits
• Summary
• Chapter 6: Move Further with NumPy Modules
• Linear algebra
• Time for action – inverting matrices
• Solving linear systems
• Time for action – solving a linear system
• Finding eigenvalues and eigenvectors
• Time for action – determining eigenvalues and eigenvectors
• Singular value decomposition
• Time for action – decomposing a matrix
• Pseudoinverse
• Time for action – computing the pseudo inverse of a matrix
• Determinants
• Time for action – calculating the determinant of a matrix
• Fast Fourier transform
• Time for action – calculating the Fourier transform
• Shifting
• Time for action – shifting frequencies
• Random numbers
• Time for action – gambling with the binomial
• Hypergeometric distribution
• Time for action – simulating a game show
• Continuous distributions
• Time for action – drawing a normal distribution
• Lognormal distribution
• Time for action – drawing the lognormal distribution
• Summary
• Chapter 7: Peeking into Special Routines
• Sorting
• Time for action – sorting lexically
• Complex numbers
• Time for action – sorting complex numbers
• Searching
• Time for action – using searchsorted
• Array elements' extraction
• Time for action – extracting elements from an array
• Financial functions
• Time for action – determining future value
• Present value
• Time for action – getting the present value
• Net present value
• Time for action – calculating the net present value
• Internal rate of return
• Time for action – determining the internal rate of return
• Periodic payments
• Time for action – calculating the periodic payments
• Number of payments
• Time for action – determining the number of periodic payments
• Interest rate
• Time for action – figuring out the rate
• Window functions
• Time for action – plotting the Bartlett window
• Blackman window
• Time for action – smoothing stock prices with the Blackman window
• Hamming window
• Time for action – plotting the Hamming window
• Kaiser window
• Time for action – plotting the Kaiser window
• Special mathematical functions
• Time for action – plotting the modified Bessel function
• sinc
• Time for action – plotting the sinc function
• Summary
• Chapter 8: Assure Quality with Testing
• Assert functions
• Time for action – asserting almost equal
• Approximately equal arrays
• Time for action – asserting approximately equal
• Almost equal arrays
• Time for action – asserting arrays almost equal
• Equal arrays
• Time for action – comparing arrays
• Ordering arrays
• Time for action – checking the array order
• Objects comparison
• Time for action – comparing objects
• String comparison
• Time for action – comparing strings
• Floating point comparisons
• Time for action – comparing with assert_array_almost_equal_nulp
• Comparison of floats with more ULPs
• Time for action – comparing using maxulp of 2
• Unit tests
• Time for action – writing a unit test
• Nose tests decorators
• Time for action – decorating tests
• Docstrings
• Time for action – executing doctests
• Summary
• Chapter 9: Plotting with Matplotlib
• Simple plots
• Time for action – plotting a polynomial function
• Plot format string
• Time for action – plotting a polynomial and its derivative
• Subplots
• Time for action – plotting a polynomial and its derivatives
• Finance
• Time for action – plotting a year’s worth of stock quotes
• Histograms
• Time for action – charting stock price distributions
• Logarithmic plots
• Time for action – plotting stock volume
• Scatter plots
• Time for action – plotting price and volume returns with scatter plot
• Fill between
• Time for action – shading plot regions based on a condition
• Legend and annotations
• Time for action – using legend and annotations
• Three dimensional plots
• Time for action – plotting in three dimensions
• Contour plots
• Time for action – drawing a filled contour plot
• Animation
• Time for action – animating plots
• Summary
• Chapter 10: When NumPy is Not Enough – SciPy and Beyond
• MATLAB and Octave
• Time for action – saving and loading a .mat file
• Statistics
• Time for action – analyzing random values
• Samples’ comparison and SciKits
• Time for action – comparing stock log returns
• Signal processing
• Time for action – detecting a trend in QQQ
• Fourier analysis
• Time for action – filtering a detrended signal
• Mathematical optimization
• Time for action – fitting to a sine
• Numerical integration
• Time for action – calculating the Gaussian integral
• Interpolation
• Time for action – interpolating in one dimension
• Image processing
• Time for action – manipulating Lena
• Audio processing
• Time for action – replaying audio clips
• Summary
• Chapter 11: Playing with Pygame
• Pygame
• Time for action – installing Pygame
• Hello World
• Time for action – creating a simple game
• Animation
• Time for action – animating objects with NumPy and Pygame
• Matplotlib
• Time for action – using Matplotlib in Pygame
• Surface pixels
• Time for action – accessing surface pixel data with NumPy
• Artificial intelligence
• Time for action – clustering points
• OpenGL and Pygame
• Time for action – drawing the Sierpinski gasket
• Simulation game with PyGame
• Time for action – simulating life
• Summary

### Ivan Idris

Ivan Idris has an MSc in Experimental Physics. His graduation thesis had a strong emphasis on Applied Computer Science. After graduating, he worked for several companies as a Java Developer, Data warehouse Developer, and QA Analyst. His main professional interests are Business Intelligence, Big Data, and Cloud Computing. Ivan Idris enjoys writing clean, testable code and interesting technical articles. Ivan Idris is the author of NumPy 1.5 Beginner's Guide and NumPy Cookbook by Packt Publishing. You can find more information and a blog with a few NumPy examples at ivanidris.net.

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### Submit Errata

Please let us know if you have found any errors not listed on this list by completing our errata submission form. Our editors will check them and add them to this list. Thank you.

### Errata

- 1 submitted: last submission 28 May 2013

Errata type: Typo | Page number: 17 | Errata date: 28 May 2013
Under the "Building from source"  section, the sentence that reads "Install  /usr/local with the following command:" should read as "Install into  /usr/local with the following command:"

### Sample chapters

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## What you will learn from this book

• Install NumPy
• NumPy arrays
• Universal functions
• NumPy matrices
• NumPy modules
• Plot with Matplotlib
• Test NumPy code
• Relation to SciPy

## In Detail

NumPy is an extension to, and the fundamental package for scientific computing with Python. In today's world of science and technology, it is all about speed and flexibility. When it comes to scientific computing, NumPy is on the top of the list.

NumPy Beginner's Guide will teach you about NumPy, a leading scientific computing library. NumPy replaces a lot of the functionality of Matlab and Mathematica, but in contrast to those products, is free and open source.

Write readable, efficient, and fast code, which is as close to the language of mathematics as is currently possible with the cutting edge open source NumPy software library. Learn all the ins and outs of NumPy that requires you to know basic Python only. Save thousands of dollars on expensive software, while keeping all the flexibility and power of your favourite programming language.You will learn about installing and using NumPy and related concepts. At the end of the book we will explore some related scientific computing projects. This book will give you a solid foundation in NumPy arrays and universal functions. Through examples, you will also learn about plotting with Matplotlib and the related SciPy project. NumPy Beginner's Guide will help you be productive with NumPy and have you writing clean and fast code in no time at all.

## Approach

The book is written in beginner’s guide style with each aspect of NumPy demonstrated with real world examples and required screenshots.

## Who this book is for

If you are a programmer, scientist, or engineer who has basic Python knowledge and would like to be able to do numerical computations with Python, this book is for you. No prior knowledge of NumPy is required.