IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 Administration Guide

IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 Administration Guide
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Table of Contents
Sample Chapters
  • A significant update of Packt Publishing’s WebSphere Application Server 7.0 Administration Guide with 30% new content for v8.0
  • Get to grips with the new WebSphere installer, managed deployments, MQ Link, HPEL Logging, and more in this book and e-book
  • A step by step administration guide with a variety of real-world examples

Book Details

Language : English
Paperback : 496 pages [ 235mm x 191mm ]
Release Date : October 2011
ISBN : 1849683980
ISBN 13 : 9781849683982
Author(s) : Steve Robinson
Topics and Technologies : All Books, Enterprise Products and Platforms, Enterprise, IBM

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: WebSphere Application Server 8.0: Product Overview
Chapter 2: Installing WebSphere Application Server
Chapter 3: Deploying your Applications
Chapter 4: Security
Chapter 5: Administrative Scripting
Chapter 6: Server Configuration
Chapter 7: WebSphere Messaging
Chapter 8: Monitoring and Tuning
Chapter 9: Administrative Features
Chapter 10: Administration Tools
Chapter 11: Product Maintenance
  • Chapter 1: WebSphere Application Server 8.0: Product Overview
    • What is WebSphere Application Server?
    • Why choose IBM WebSphere Application Server?
    • Enhancements and capabilities
      • Support for industry standards
      • New features
      • Reference table for supported standards
    • Architecture and internals
      • JEE 6 Server architecture model
        • Java EE containers
    • Inside WebSphere Application Server
      • JVM
      • Web container
      • EJB container
      • Virtual hosts
      • Environment settings
      • Resources
      • JNDI
      • Application file types
    • WebSphere Application Server terminology
      • Runtime binaries
      • Profiles
      • Cells
      • Nodes
      • Servers
    • WebSphere Application Server products
      • Product editions
      • Related Product editions
    • Supported OS
    • Summary
    • Chapter 2: Installing WebSphere Application Server
      • Installation planning
        • Installation scenarios
        • Profile types
      • Preparation and prerequisites
        • Windows installation prerequisites
        • Linux installation prerequisites
          • Installing as root on Linux
          • Filesystem preparation for Linux
      • Graphical installation
        • Part 1—Installing the base binaries
          • Downloading WAS 8
          • Downloading IBM Installation Manager
          • Installing IIM
          • Installing WAS using IBM Installation Manager
          • Verifying the installed binaries
          • Installation logs
          • Agent data location
        • Part 2—Creating a WAS profile
          • First steps console
        • Profile Manager Tools (PMT) logs and files
          • Logs
          • Files
      • Administrative console
      • Uninstalling WAS
        • Manually deleting profiles
        • Uninstalling WAS using IIM
        • Uninstalling WAS using command line
      • Silent installation
        • Installing packages silently using Installation Manager
          • Recording a response file
          • Installing in silent mode using a response file
      • Silent profile creation
      • Summary
      • Chapter 3: Deploying your Applications
        • Deploying an application
        • Starting and stopping your applications
        • Data access applications
          • Data sources
          • Preparing for Oracle
            • Installing Oracle XE
          • JDBC providers
            • Creating a JDBC provider
            • Creating a J2C alias
            • Creating a data source
        • Deploying a data access application
          • Mapping modules to servers
          • Providing JSP reloading options for web modules
          • Mapping shared libraries
          • Mapping resource references to resources
          • Mapping virtual hosts for web modules
          • Mapping context roots for web modules
          • Reviewing the deployment steps
        • Using the application
          • Overview of Derby
          • Derby JDBC
          • Managing Derby
            • Starting Derby
            • Stopping Derby
          • Creating tables in Derby
          • Adding a Derby JDBC data source
            • Creating a Derby JDBC provider
            • Creating a Derby JDBC data source
            • Creating a new JAAS for Derby data source
            • Changing an application's data source
        • Business-level applications
          • Importing assets
          • Creating a BLA
        • Monitored deployments
          • Uninstalling the DefaultApplication.ear file
          • Global deployment settings
          • The MonitoredDeployableApps folder structure
          • Drag and drop deploy
          • Controlling monitored deployments
            • Creating a template properties file
        • Summary
        • Chapter 4: Security
          • JEE security
          • Global security
            • Global security registry types
            • Turning on global security
            • Local operating system
              • Creating a Linux user and group
              • Creating a Windows user
              • Completing the security wizard
            • Standalone LDAP
              • Sample directory tree
              • LDAP object classes
              • Configuring an LDAP registry in WebSphere
            • Security.xml
            • Administrative roles
            • Mapping users and groups to administrative roles
          • Federated repositories
            • Adding new users to a realm
          • Security domains
            • Security domain attributes
            • Creating a security domain
              • Preparing a local operating system registry
              • Creating a security domain
          • LTPA overview
            • LTPA configuration
              • Steps for importing and exporting LTPA keys
            • Managing SSL
            • Certificates and Certificate Authorities
            • Key stores and trust stores
            • Managing Key stores and certificates
              • Chained certificates
            • Monitoring certificate expiration
            • Creating certificate requests
            • Receiving a certificate request
            • Setting Cell or Node SSL aliases
          • Summary
          • Chapter 5: Administrative Scripting
            • Automation
            • The ws_ant tool
              • Uninstalling the HR application
              • Deploying an application using ws_ant
              • Managing an application using ws_ant
            • The wsadmin tool
              • Interactive commands
              • Individual commands
                • Linux command-line example
                • Windows command-line example
              • Profile scripts
              • Command script files
              • Listing installed applications with Jython
                • Installing an application using Jython
                • Querying application status
              • Configuring the wsadmin tool
            • Configuring applications using properties files
              • Extracting properties from an existing application
                • Extracting properties using wsadmin
              • Deleting an application using a properties file
              • Installation using a properties file
              • Updating applications using a properties file
            • Configuring monitored deployment with properties
              • Creating a properties file for monitored deployment
            • Managing system configuration using properties files
            • Command assistance
            • Summary
            • Chapter 6: Server Configuration
              • WAS file structure
                • The WAS filesystem
                  • Product binaries file structure
                  • The profile file structure
              • XML configuration files
                • Cell level XML files
                • Node level XML files
                • Server level XML files
              • Important properties files
                • The soap.client.props file
                • The sas.client.props file
                • Encoding property files
              • Logs and trace
                • JVM log files
                • Configuring logs and trace
                  • Diagnostics trace
                  • JVM logs
                  • Process logs
                  • IBM service logs
                  • NCSA access and HTTP error logging
                  • NCSA access logging
                  • Error logging
                  • NCSA and HTTP error log considerations
                • FFDC logs
                • Viewing JVM logs
                  • Viewing logs in the Administrative console
                  • Viewing logs on the filesystem
              • High Performance Extensible Logging (HPEL)
                • Configure HPEL logging
                • Configure HPEL trace
                • Configure HPEL text log
                • Common HPEL settings
                • HPEL summary
                • HPEL log location
                • Viewing HPEL logs
                  • View the JVM logs from the Administrative console
                  • View the JVM logs in the machine that they are stored in
              • JVM settings
                • Changing JVM settings using the Administrative console
              • Class loaders
                • Class loading basics
                • WAS class loaders
                  • Application server class loader
                  • Configuring server class loaders
                  • Application class loader
                  • Configuring application class loaders
                  • Web module class loader
                  • Configuring module class loading
                  • Class loading isolation
              • Summary
              • Chapter 7: WebSphere Messaging
                • Java messaging
                  • Java Message Service
                    • JMS features
                    • JMS concepts
                • JMS API
                • WebSphere messaging
                  • Default JMS provider
                  • WebSphere Service Integration Bus
                  • Creating a SiBus
                  • Bus members
                    • Adding bus members
                  • Configuring JMS
                    • Creating queue connection factories
                    • Creating queue destinations
                    • Creating topic connection factories and destinations
                  • Installing the JMS demo application
                  • JMS Test Tool application
                • SiBus message reliability
                  • Preparing a data store
                    • Generating the SQL to create data store tables
                    • Creating a JDBC datasource
                  • Configuring the SiBus to use a data store
                • WebSphere MQ Messaging
                  • WMQ case study in action
                    • Installing WebSphere MQ
                    • Running the WMQ installer
                    • Creating a queue manager
                  • Creating a WMQ connection factory
                  • Creating a WMQ queue destination
                  • Reconfiguring the JMS application
                • Disabling WebSphere MQ
                  • Disabling MQ through the Administrative console
                  • Disabling WMQ using wsadmin
                  • Enabling MQ
                • WebSphere MQ link
                • Configuring MQ link
                  • Configuring a SiBus for MQ link
                  • Creating a queue destination for testing
                  • Creating a foreign bus and MQ link connection
                    • Viewing MQ link details
                    • Viewing channel definitions
                  • Preparing WMQ for MQ link
                  • Sending a message to WebSphere from WMQ
                • Summary
                • Chapter 8: Monitoring and Tuning
                  • Using Tivoli Performance Viewer
                    • Enabling Tivoli Performance Viewer
                      • Enabling PMI
                      • Key TPV categories
                      • Summary reports
                      • Key performance modules
                    • Starting Tivoli Performance Viewer
                      • TPV console panel
                      • Monitoring example
                      • TPV Logging
                  • PMI for external monitoring
                  • Request metrics
                    • Enabling request metrics
                      • Components to be instrumented
                      • Trace level
                      • Request metrics destination
                      • Request metrics in SystemOut.log
                    • Retrieving performance data with PerfServlet
                  • Dynamic caching
                  • JVM tuning
                    • JVM core and heap dumps
                      • Requesting a Java core dump using Jython
                      • Requesting a heap dump using Jython
                      • Analyzing a Java core (thread) dump
                      • IBM Thread and Monitor Dump Analyzer for Java
                      • Installing the JCA tool
                      • Generate a Java core dump to view the thread lock
                    • Other analysis tools
                    • Setting the initial and maximum heap sizes
                      • Tuning your heap size
                  • Summary
                  • Chapter 9: Administrative Features
                    • The administrative agent
                      • Creating an administration profile
                        • Profile Management Tool
                        • Starting the administrative agent
                        • Administrative agent console
                        • Registering an application server node
                      • Creating a second application server node
                    • Removing the administrative agent
                    • IBM HTTP Server
                      • Starting IBM HTTP Server
                    • The WebSphere plugin
                      • Installing the WebSphere plugin
                      • Accessing an application via IHS
                        • Updating plugin-cfg.xml
                      • Manually configuring the plugin
                        • Manually creating a web server definition
                    • Configuring SSL for IHS and the WebSphere plugin
                      • Creating a self-signed SSL certificate
                      • Adding SSL to the IHS virtual host configuration
                    • Configuring virtual hosts
                      • Updating an existing virtual host definition
                    • Summary
                    • Chapter 10: Administration Tools
                      • Dumping namespaces
                        • Example name space dump
                      • EAR expander
                      • IBM Support Assistant
                        • Downloading the ISA workbench
                        • Installing the ISA workbench
                        • Launching ISA
                        • Adding add-on tools
                        • Analyzing log files
                        • Loading symptom catalogs
                      • Summary
                      • Chapter 11: Product Maintenance
                        • Understanding updates
                        • Product update types
                        • Update process overview
                        • Preparing for updates
                        • Creating a backup
                        • Locating updates
                          • Fix Central
                        • Update Installers
                          • Downloading the Update Installer
                          • Installing the Update Installer
                          • Downloading updates
                          • Applying an update using the Update Installer
                        • Silent updates
                        • Logs
                        • Troubleshooting tips
                          • Problem: Silent Install
                            • Resolution: Silent Install
                          • Problem: GUI Install
                            • Resolution: GUI Install
                          • Problem: Installation wizard fails
                            • Resolution: Installation wizard fails
                          • Problem: Installation wizard hangs
                            • Resolution: Installation wizard hangs
                        • Summary

                        Steve Robinson

                        Steve Robinson is an independent WebSphere specialist and consultant. He has been consulting in IT since 1997 and has been involved in client projects around the globe; many of which are for fortune 500 companies. Steve started out originally as a consultant in the IBM Lotus Notes/Domino product suite, where he excelled in middleware integration technologies to ensure homogenous environments could exist in the new heterogeneous world. Having worked for many different industries, Steve has had a plethora of experience in the integration of most technologies across many different systems and cultures. He is also an accomplished programmer in including C, Java, and the Microsoft .NET development tools. Steve has gleaned many insights due to the amount of large enterprise projects he has been involved with and his passion for documentation and process improvement is recognized by all those he works with. Steve is married and lives with his family in England. He spends his time either writing, or researching new products and technologies for client projects along with investigating new ways to automate process where possible. Steve is also known for his contribution to the WebSphere Internet community through one of his many top-ranking WebSphere knowledge portals:
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                        Submit Errata

                        Please let us know if you have found any errors not listed on this list by completing our errata submission form. Our editors will check them and add them to this list. Thank you.


                        - 3 submitted: last submission 12 Dec 2013

                        Errata type: Image Page number: 20

                        At the bottom of the image the word "Java" is misspelled as "Jawa"

                        Errata type: Code   Page: 71


                        At the bottom of the page, the command line for running the silent install for Windows reads:

                                IBMIMc.exe --launcher.ini silent-install.ini -input c:\temp\was8_install.xml l -log c:\temp\was8\silent_install_log.xml

                        The "l" (in red above) between "was8_install.xml" and "-log" is mistaken and should be removed for the command to work. so the correct command is as follows:

                                        IBMIMc.exe --launcher.ini silent-install.ini -input c:\temp\was8_install.xml -log c:\temp\was8\silent_install_log.xml

                        Errata type: Code   Page: 211

                        Under step 2, the command line has some errors, the correct one is as follows (the correction is highlighted):

                        cscript.exe //Nologo <scripts_home>\windows\listapps.vbs

                        Sample chapters

                        You can view our sample chapters and prefaces of this title on PacktLib or download sample chapters in PDF format.

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                        What you will learn from this book

                        • Get to grips with all of the new administrative features that WebSphere Application Server 8.0 has to offer, including the new installation process using IBM Installation Manager
                        • Take advantage of managed deployment to facilitate drag and drop deployments
                        • Save yourself hours of manual administrative effort with  automated configuration
                        • Assign different levels of administrative access to secure the WebSphere Application Server administrative console
                        • Fully understand and implement Java messaging and enabling messaging persistence using databases
                        • Understand how to use the new derby JDBC drivers
                        • Learn how to manage additional application servers from a single administrative console
                        • Increase server performance by enabling the new HPEL binary logging, and disabling WebSphere MQ when Messaging services are not required
                        • Understand how to configure SSL  for IBM HTTP Server and the Websphere Plug-in

                        In Detail

                        Administrators require a secure, scalable, and resilient application infrastructure to support the development of JEE applications and SOA services. IBM’s WebSphere Application Server is optimized for this task, and this book will ensure that you can utilize all that this tool has to offer with the exciting new features of IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0.

                        IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 Administration Guide is fully revised with details of the new functionality of WebSphere Application Server 8.0, including the new installation GUI, managed deployment, and HPEL. With this book in hand, you will be equipped to provide an innovative, performance-based foundation to build, run, and manage JEE applications and SOA services.

                        IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 has been tuned for higher performance out of the box, and numerous enhancements have been made to give you as an administrator more options for increasing runtime performance. This book will allow you to utilize all of these features, including HPEL logging and disabling WebSphere MQ Messaging. You will be taken through how to configure and prepare WebSphere resources for your application deployments, and by the end of IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 Administration Guide, you will be able to successfully manage and tune your WebSphere 8.0 implementation.


                        IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 Administration Guide is a highly practical, example-driven tutorial. You will be introduced to WebSphere Application Server 8.0, and guided through configuration, deployment, and tuning for optimum performance.

                        Who this book is for

                        If you are an administrator who wants to get up and running with IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0, then this book is not to be missed. Experience with WebSphere and Java would be an advantage, but is not essential.

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